- A mosquito-borne virus is the cause of most West Nile infection. Most people infected with West Nile Virus do not develop any signs or symptoms, or have only minor signs, such as a fever and a mild headache. However, some people develop a life-threatening condition that includes inflammation of the spinal cord or brain.
- Mild signs and symptoms of West Nile virus infection usually go away on their own. However, serious signs and symptoms such as severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness require immediate attention.
- Exposure to mosquitoes where West Nile virus is present increases the risk of infection. You can reduce your risk by protecting yourself from mosquitos by using mosquito repellants and wearing clothing that covers your skin. West Nile virus Treatment in Hyderabad
Most people infected with West Nile virus have no signs or symptoms.
Mild signs and symptoms of infection
About 20% of people develop a mild infection called West Nile fever. Common signs and symptoms are:
- a headache
- Itchy skin
- West Nile virus transmission cycle
- West Nile VirusOpen pop-up dialog transmission cycle
- West Nile virus is usually transmitted to humans and animals through the bites of infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes become infected and carry the virus after biting infected birds. They cannot become infected through casual contact with an infected person or animal.
Most West Nile virus infections occur in hot weather when mosquitoes are active. The incubation period – the time between being bitten by an infected mosquito and the appearance of signs and symptoms of the disease – is usually between four and 10 days.
The West Nile virus has emerged in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. It first appeared in the United States in the summer of 1999 and has since been reported in all states except Hawaii and Alaska, as well as Canada. West Nile virus Treatment in Hyderabad
- Most cases of West Nile virus in the US occur from June through September. Cases were reported in the bottom 48 states.
- Risk of serious infection
Even if you are infected, your risk of developing serious illness from West Nile Virus is very small. Less than 1% of those infected become seriously ill. And most people who get sick make a full recovery. You are more likely to develop a severe or fatal infection because:
- Age. When you are older, you are at greater risk.
Certain diseases. Certain diseases such as cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), and kidney disease increase your risk. The same applies to receiving an organ transplant.
Your best way to prevent West Nile virus and other mosquito-borne diseases is to avoid exposure to mosquitoes and to clean up stagnant water, where mosquitoes breed.
- Clog gutters.
- Empty unused pools or throw standing water on pool covers.
- Change the water in bird baths and dog bowls regularly.
- Remove old tires or unused containers that could hold water and act as breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
- Install or repair screens on windows and doors. West Nile virus Treatment in Hyderabad