Vitamin deficiency anemia is a deficiency in healthy red blood cells caused when you have less than normal amounts of certain vitamins. Vitamins associated with vitamin deficiency anemia include folic acid, vitamin B-12, and vitamin C.
Vitamin deficiency anemia can occur when you don’t eat enough foods that contain folic acid, vitamin B-12, or vitamin C, or when your body has problems absorbing or processing these vitamins.
It is important that your doctor diagnose and treat your anemia. Vitamin deficiency anemia can usually be corrected with vitamin supplements and changes in your diet.
The signs and symptoms of vitamin deficiency anemia are:
- shortness of breath
- Pale or yellowish skin
- Irregular heartbeat
- Weight loss
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
- Muscle weakness
- Personality changes
- Unstable movements
- Mental confusion or forgetfulness
Vitamin deficiency anemia occurs when your body lacks the vitamins it needs to make enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen from your lungs around your body.
If your diet is lacking certain vitamins, vitamin deficiency anemia can develop. Vitamin deficiency anemia can also develop because your body cannot properly absorb the nutrients from the foods you eat.
There are a number of factors that can affect your body’s vitamin stores. In general, your risk of vitamin deficiency is increased if:
Your diet contains little or no natural sources of vitamins such as meat, dairy products, fruits and vegetables. Vegetarians who do not eat dairy products and vegans who do not eat foods of animal origin can fall into this category.
Constant boiling over can also lead to vitamin deficiencies.
You are pregnant and not taking a multivitamin. Folic acid supplements are especially important during pregnancy.
You have intestinal problems or other medical conditions that affect the absorption of vitamins. Abnormal bacterial growth in your stomach or surgery in your intestines or stomach can affect the absorption of vitamin B-12.
You abuse alcohol. Alcohol affects the absorption of folic acid, vitamin C and other vitamins.
You are taking certain prescription drugs that may block the absorption of vitamins. Seizure medication can block the absorption of folic acid. Antacids and some drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes can affect the absorption of B-12. Vitamin deficiency anemia Treatment in Hyderabad
Choose a healthy diet
You can prevent some forms of vitamin deficiency anemia by choosing a healthy diet that includes a variety of foods.
Foods rich in folic acid include:
- Dark green leafy vegetables
- Fortified grain products such as bread, cereals, pasta, and rice
- Fruit and fruit juices
- Foods that are high in vitamin B-12 include:
- Fortified foods such as breakfast cereals
- Milk, cheese and yogurt
- Meat and shellfish.