Varicose veins or spider veins are common and can cause discomfort and pain to anyone afflicted with the problem. Although the pain can be treated through home remedies or surgical treatments, having varicose veins may also mean that the person is at risk for other health problems. Understanding the causes and symptoms of varicose veins can help patients decide if home care will alleviate their conditions or seeking professional treatments would solve the problem.
Varicose veins can occurs in any gender. Though it is most commonly reported by women due to its unsightly dark and purple appearance, the problem occurs commonly among men as well. The dark and purple coloring is produced when the blood flows backward to the vein causing it to become enlarged and swollen. The risk of developing this condition also increases if the condition also afflicts other close family members.
People who are overweight also have increased chances of developing varicose veins due to the extra pressure to the veins making them work harder to circulate back blood towards the heart. This is also the reason many pregnant women tend to develop it. Professionals who are required to stand for long periods are also at risk as prolonged standing makes it difficult for the veins to push back blood towards the heart.
Aside from the dark and ugly purple appearance of the veins, many patients also complain of heavy and uncomfortable feeling on their leg parts. Some patients, especially those who stand for long periods would feel their muscles cramping up especially during night-time.
In order for proper treatment to be given to the patient, there are several ways that health professionals use to determine the severity of the condition. A Doppler ultrasound is commonly used by health practitioners to check for varicose veins especially for pregnant women. The handheld device skims the problem area and checks out any problem veins. A duplex scanning may also be used in certain instances when detailed analysis is required.
For some patients a lifestyle change can treat their problem. Avoiding standing for longer periods, losing weight as well as avoiding high heel shoes or tight clothing can help reduce the pain and prevent the condition from progressing. Compression stockings are also helpful as these create pressure in the leg area preventing blood from pooling.