Varicose veins are enlarged veins that can be visible in form of blue, red colored cords and appear twisted and bulging. They can be swollen and raised above the surface of the skin. Although can be found anywhere in your body, usually they appear on the legs and this might require varicose veins treatment. If it was not already enough, during pregnancy, varicose veins can form around the vagina and buttocks as well. So as it might be unpleasant it is serious health problem as well.
In short varicose veins are formed in your legs because of the heightened blood pressure in veins. The blood flow becomes so powerful it distorts the veins. Compared with other veins in the body, leg veins have the hardest task of carrying blood back to the heart. This pressure can be stronger than the venous valves. Blood then accumulates in them and the veins become visible and palpable.
OK, so it is all about the blood pressure. Unfortunately that is not all. Additional risk factors increasing the probability of varicose veins are:
– Gender. Yes, women are more likely to develop these problems.
– Age. As you get older, the valves in your veins weaken thus making them even more vulnerable to the high blood pressure.
– Heredity. If anyone in your family has vein problems and/or weak venous valves you bear much greater risk of getting varicose veins. Biggest part of the population with the disease have a relative who has them too.
– Hormonal changes. During puberty, pregnancy, and menopause your body experiences essential fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels which all contribute to forming of varicose veins. And watch those birth control pills as they too heighten the varicosity risk.
– Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the huge increase the amount of blood cause the veins to enlarge. The growing uterus also puts extra pressure on them as well.
– Obesity. Being overweight puts more pressure on your veins.
– Sun exposure. This can lead to the formation of spider veins on the face (cheeks or nose), especially, of the fair-skinned women.
– Lack of movement. Sitting or standing for a long time forces your veins to work harder to pump blood to your heart.
Knowing all the above it would be wrong to now panic and think of your destiny to be predetermined by the above mentioned. No, not at all. Believe me nobody is perfect and we all know how self-indulging with junk-food can sometimes be so relaxing and to the point as well as lying in the Sun for quite a while. We all know the side effects of the hormonal birth control and the need for exercise, however it is good to know what are the risks in order to do something about it.