Persistent abdominal pain may be suspected over a hernia. However, only a hernia specialist can confirm this by examining a lump formed in the abdomen. Hernia, a common disease of lifestyle, is quite complex in the primary stage. The list of frequently asked questions below can help you understand the basics of this disease.

What is a hernia and how often is it?

Hernia is the unwrapping of an organ or internal tissue due to weakness of the muscle tissue that supports it and protruding through a weakened opening or area. It appears as a bulge in the muscle wall that you can feel. Hernias can affect anyone of any age. Some types of hernias mostly occur in men, while others are common in both men and women. It occurs in about 2% of all newborns worldwide.

Does hernia occur in different types?

Yes, the hernia can be associated with different parts of the body and depending on the location. It is divided into different types. If it’s in the abdominal area, it could be a ventral or abdominal hernia. If it’s along the cut line from a previous operation, it could be a scarred hernia. Likewise, a hernia around the navel can be an umbilical cord, and if it is in the groin area, it can be a groin hernia. If a hernia develops near the tip of the leg, it may be a femoral hernia. Another type of hernia is hiatus hernia, in which a patient suffers from gastric reflux.

What are the common causes and symptoms of hernias?

The most common causes of hernias are chronic constipation, chronic cough, obesity, regular heavy lifting, overwork, pregnancy, cuts after surgery, premature birth, aging, poor eating habits. and family history. Symptoms that indicate the appearance of a hernia are a strong sensation in the groin or stomach, pain in the groin or stomach, painful defecation or urination, and abdominal pain after long hours. standing.

When should I seek medical help?

As soon as you notice any of the above signs and symptoms, it is advisable to see a doctor. Not all hernias are surgical emergencies. Even though the hernia is easily reducible and painless, all hernias can become serious. Referral to a surgeon should be considered to help diagnose the disease at an early stage and avoid surgery. With early detection, you may be able to use practical and relatively less complex treatment options such as diet and lifestyle changes, exercise and physiotherapy, and medications.

How can I prevent hernias?

Since hernia is the result of weakness in muscle tissue, it is quite difficult to prevent it completely, but you can certainly minimize the risk of it happening by not putting excessive pressure on the abdominal muscles.

• Use good body mechanics to reduce heavy lifting
• Avoid stressful urination and stools
• Stop smoking or for other reasons that cause a chronic cough
• Try to lose weight
• Get regular exercise – walking, running and swimming
• Get advice from a physiotherapist to strengthen your abdominal muscles

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