Ulcers Surgery in Hyderabad

Ulcer is an open sore which is formed externally or internally due to the scarring of the skin or mucous membrane. This type of injury to the cells fails to heal. Ulcers have been broadly classified into different categories based on their location and causes, but the most common ones are peptic ulcers.

Gastric ulcer or stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer are two major types of peptic ulcers depending upon which organ has developed sores or ulcers.

Stomach ulcers (gastric ulcer) are sores that form in the inner lining of the stomach or the small intestine. The stomach houses hydrochloric acid which helps in digestion of food. A mucus membrane is present in the stomach to guard the organ from the harmful effects of the acid. Ulcers are formed when the mucus layer becomes ineffective towards the acid; HCl scarrs the walls of the stomach and sores are formed.

Similarly, if the mucus lining in the small intestine is destroyed, the condition is referred to as duodenal ulcer. The bacteria H.pylori has been found to be the causing agent that destroy the mucus lining of the organs. A person can have either out both of the conditions. Certain medicines like NSAIDs or other painkillers can also cause ulcers. Old age, smoking, alcoholism, trauma or physical injury are the other contributing factors.

Symptoms

The symptoms of aphthous ulcer include:

  • Formation of a small, oval-shaped, white or yellow colored ulcer
  • Painful red area surrounding the ulcer
  • Tingling sensation in the mouth

Swollen lymph nodes, fever, and weakness found in some cases. Also, the canker sores or aphthous ulcer heals without scarring in one or two weeks.Then your doctor may suggest you certain laboratory tests to rule out other health conditions such as cancer.

When to seek medical advice?

You have to visit doctor if you have:

  • A large sore
  • Recurring sores
  • Persistent sores that do not heal within one to two weeks
  • Extreme pain that makes eating and drinking difficult
  • High fever

Diagnosis

Your doctor may identify the aphthous sores with a visual exam. Therefore, no other test or particular diagnosis is required for canker sores. But, if you have persistent or recurrent canker sores.

Causes and risk factors

The particular cause of aphthous ulcers remains unclear. The combination of certain triggering factors may lead to formation of these ulcers.

  • Injury: An injury to your mouth from dentures or an accidental cheek bite
  • Hormonal changes: In women, aphthous ulcers may occur during menstruation due to hormonal changes.
  • Genetics: A genetic predisposition may also cause aphthous ulcers.
  • Nutritional deficiency: Lack of iron and vitamins such as vitamin B12 and folic acid may cause ulcers in the mouth.

Other causes include food allergies, medications (nicorandil, anti-inflammatory medicines), smoking, viral and bacterial infections, and emotional stress.

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