Trachoma (truh-KOH-muh) is a bacterial infection that affects your eyes. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Trachoma is contagious and spreads through contact with the eyes, eyelids, and fluids from the nose or throat of infected people. It can also be transmitted through handling infected objects such as handkerchiefs.
The trachoma may initially cause mild itching and irritation of the eyes and eyelids. Then you may notice swollen eyelids and pus draining from the eyes. Untreated trachoma can lead to blindness.
Trachoma is the leading preventable cause of blindness worldwide. Most cases of trachoma occur in poor parts of Africa, where 85% of people with active disease live. In areas where trachoma is prevalent, the infection rate in children under 5 years of age can be 60% or more. Trachoma Treatment in Hyderabad
Early treatment can help prevent complications from trachoma.
The signs and symptoms of trachoma usually affect both eyes and can include:
- Slight itching and irritation of the eyes and eyelids
- Discharge from the eye that contains mucus or pus
- Swelling of the eyelids
- Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
- Eye pain
- Eye redness
- Loss of vision
Trachoma is caused by certain subtypes of Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium that can also cause Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted infection.
Trachoma is spread through contact with discharge from the eyes or nose of an infected person. Hands, clothes, towels and insects can all be routes of transmission. In developing countries, eye flies are also a means of transmission. Trachoma Treatment in Hyderabad
Some of the factors that increase your risk of trachoma include:
Overcrowded living conditions. People who live in close contact are at a higher risk of spreading the infection.
Bad sanitation. Poor sanitation, inadequate access to water, and poor hygiene such as dirty faces or hands all contribute to the spread of the disease.
Age. In areas where the disease is active, it is more common in children aged 4 to 6 years.
Sex. In some areas, the rate of infection in women is two to six times higher than that of men. This is due to the fact that women have more contact with children, who are the main reservoir for infection.
Fleece. People who live in areas where fly population control is difficult may be more prone to infection.
If you’ve been treated with antibiotics or surgery for trachoma, re-infection is still a problem. For your own safety and the safety of others, make sure that your family members or anyone you live with is tested and treated for trachoma if necessary.
Trachoma can occur anywhere in the world, but is most common in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, and the Pacific Rim. If you are in areas where trachomas are common, use extra care and hygiene to prevent infection.
Good hygiene practices include:
Face wash and hand wash. Keeping your face and hands clean can help break the re-infection cycle.
Fly control. Reducing fly populations can help eliminate a source of transmission.
Good waste management. Proper disposal of animal and human waste can reduce breeding grounds for flies.
Better access to water. A source of fresh water nearby can help improve sanitary conditions. Trachoma Treatment in Hyderabad