Varicose veins are blood vessels just under the skin that are dilated and twisted due to a defect in the valves inside the veins. The song builds up in the sections of the vein, causing the vein to swell and swell. Varicose veins usually appear in the legs and feet. However, they can also occur in other parts of the body, for example in the downward veins of the esophagus, the gastric mucosa, the large intestine, the rectum, and the scrotum. There are no general symptoms, but in some cases they cause serious medical problems. Varicose veins cause some discomfort, but for many people this condition has mainly caused an appearance problem, since the veins can look like rope, twisted and swollen under the skin.
The condition of varicose veins is very common during pregnancy. In fact, about 40 percent of all pregnant women suffer from varicose veins. There are many reasons for the development of varicose veins during pregnancy. The main cause is the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. High hormone levels and progesterone relax the blood vessels. This can cause easy separation of the two halves of the vein valves, which interferes with their function to prevent blood reflux. Second, the growing uterus puts pressure on the pelvic veins and the inferior vena cava. This increases blood pressure in the leg veins, which then tend to have seizures. As the baby grows, the uterus enlarges and the veins become even clearer. Hereditary factors also affect the condition. A family history of developed varicose veins developed to develop the disease. Finally, overweight women have a higher incidence of varicose veins.
Varicose veins can itch or even hurt, but the biggest problem with women is that of vanity. During pregnancy, varicose veins, called hemorrhoids, can also form in the vagina or around the anus. Serious problems can arise in the formation of blood clots in the veins, which in turn can cause chronic circulatory problems. A rapid heartbeat or swelling may be signs of a pulmonary embolism that requires immediate medical attention.
The best way to minimize varicose veins is to prevent putting too much pressure on your legs during pregnancy. Daily exercise in the form of a short brisk walk can help. Pregnant women should avoid standing for long hours and lifting their feet and legs if possible. Try sleeping with your feet on a pillow on your left side. Since the inferior vena cava is on the right side, it relieves the rest of the left side of the weight of the uterus; This reduces venous pressure in the lower limbs. Wearing the special support tights shortly before the lever is healthy. If you take this precaution before getting up, no excess blood can accumulate in your legs. When sitting, you should avoid crossing your legs. Finally, controlling body weight is very important as it can make the situation worse.
Varicose veins that develop during pregnancy usually go away on their own within three to four months of giving birth. If the bulging veins become too uncomfortable to live, medical help can be sought. Varicose veins can be corrected in surgical surgery. Before deciding on surgery, however, it is important to understand that varicose veins recur frequently with each planned pregnancy, often earlier than during the previous pregnancy. Varicose veins can also become larger with each pregnancy to come. It is therefore advisable to perform the operation only after full family planning.