The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), in conjunction with the Federal Department of Health and the Department of Women’s Affairs, has estimated that approximately 160,000 to 200,000 women each develop vesicovaginal fistula (VVF). . An. Vesikovaginal fistula and rectovaginal fistula (RVF) are pants that result from the breakdown of tissue between the vaginal wall and the bladder or rectum caused by uncontrolled obstruction during labor and continuous ventilation of the vagina. participation (urinary incontinence). The consequences associated with these conditions can also include dermatitis, erosion of the skin and other tissues of the vulva and vagina with constant leakage of urine and feces. In extreme cases, the nerves in the lower extremities can also be damaged, which can lead to loss of coordination.
Historically, cases of VVF date back to the earliest existence of humans. It was a widespread problem in much of the developed world between the 17th and 19th centuries. In fact, the world’s first VVF specialist hospital was founded in New York, USA, in 1855. Violence against women around the world is a social and economic scourge, as many women suffer from the disease. are treated as social pariahs, deprived of their fundamental rights and privileges when left behind or abandoned in the streets. his family and colleagues.
In most cases of FVV, fatal obstruction occurs during childbirth, resulting in longer births as the unborn child is pressed firmly against the pelvis and disrupts blood flow to the vesicovaginal wall. this will kill the tissue and form a hole. According to experts, 90% of VFDs are completed by uncontrolled contractions and are especially common in women giving birth for the first time.
VVF is responsible for over 55% to 60% of divorce cases in Nigeria alone, as the VVF patient is surrounded by foul smells due to the smelly nature of the disease. Adolescents are very susceptible to FVV because of their small pelvis. It is no wonder then that it is very common in the north of the country for early marriage to be the norm, which naturally leads to early conception by the bride. A local VVF expert examined how many young girls die at birth and how those who survive the ordeal can rarely get pregnant. Nigeria has reduced cases of VFV globally by 40%. This makes it a very big health problem for the country.
Experts argued that the main cause of VWF is illiteracy, as it plays a leading role in rural areas where uneducated women have little or no access to health information and services. fits. Recent research has shown that most women give birth in traditional maternity hospitals rather than in adapted health facilities. This is one of the main reasons for the high rate of FVV in Nigeria, as poorly equipped and unqualified medical staff are more likely to rupture the uterus, press hard on the abdomen and take so many others. unhealthy decisions. The 2012 National Demographic Health Survey estimated that an additional 12,000 women in Nigeria develop vesicovaginal fistula each year and only require 5,000 medical care and are likely to be operated on. Experts predict that by 2015, those numbers will double to at least 2 cases of VF per 1,000 pregnancies.
Despite the fact that VWF most often occurs during childbirth, it has also been found to be due to cases of violent violence and female genital mutilation. The government and non-governmental organizations have worked diligently to tackle this scourge with a number of violence against women centers that have been established in the country’s most prevalent north. However, it should be noted that these efforts need to be stepped up as these centers are still underfunded. To improve maternal health, it is important to recognize the importance of antenatal care for pregnant women to easily find early cases of FVF that can be easily cured. A service you don’t get