- Small vascular disease
Small vascular disease Open popup dialog
Minor vascular disease is a condition in which the walls of the small arteries in the heart are damaged. The disease causes signs and symptoms of heart problems such as chest pain (angina pectoris).
- Small vessel disease is sometimes referred to as coronary microvascular disease or small vessel heart disease. It is often diagnosed after a doctor finds little or no narrowing of the main arteries in your heart, despite symptoms suggestive of heart disease. Small vessel disease treatment in hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of small vessel disease include:
- Chest pain, compression, or discomfort (angina pectoris) that may worsen with daily activities and during periods of stress
- Discomfort in the left arm, jaw, neck, back or stomach associated with chest pain
- shortness of breath
- Fatigue and lack of energy Small vessel disease treatment in hyderabad
- Experts suggest that the causes of small vessel disease are the same as the causes of large vessel disease of the heart, such as: B. high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.
- The large vessels in your heart can narrow or block due to a disease that causes fatty deposits to build up in the arteries (atherosclerosis). In diseases of small vessels, damage to the small vessels affects their ability to expand (endothelial dysfunction). As a result, your heart is not getting enough oxygenated blood. Small vessel disease treatment in hyderabad
Small vascular diseases are more common in women. Risk factors are:
- Unhealthy cholesterol levels
- Arterial hypertension
- Obesity (body mass index of 30 or more)
- Bad eating habits
- Inactive lifestyle
Because small vessel disease can make it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body, if left untreated, the disease can cause serious problems, such as:
- Coronary artery spasm
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
There aren’t any studies on preventing small vessel disease, but it seems that controlling the main risk factors for the disease – high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity – can help.
Some of the steps you can take to reduce your risk include:
- Do not smoke or use any other tobacco products. If you smoke, quit. Quitting other forms of smoking can also help. Talk to your doctor if you are having trouble quitting smoking.
- Eat heart healthy food. Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes whole grains, lean meats, low-fat dairy products, and fruits and vegetables. Limit your intake of salt, sugar, alcohol, saturated fat, and trans fats. Small vessel disease treatment in hyderabad