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- Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder. This leads to repeated interruptions and resumption of breathing during sleep.
There are several types of sleep apnea, but the most common is obstructive sleep apnea. This type of apnea occurs when the muscles in your throat relax temporarily and block your airways while you sleep. Snoring is a noticeable sign of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea, obstructive treatment in hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea are:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Loud snoring
- Episodes of respiratory failure during sleep
- Abrupt awakening accompanied by wheezing or suffocation
- Wake up with a dry mouth or sore throat
- Morning headache
- Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the neck relax too much to allow normal breathing. These muscles support structures such as the back of the palate (soft palate), the triangular piece of tissue that hangs from the soft palate (uvula), tonsils, and tongue.
- As the muscles relax, your airways narrow when you breathe in, or breathing may be inadequate for 10 seconds or more. This can reduce the amount of oxygen in your blood and cause carbon dioxide to build up.
- Your brain will recognize this change in breathing and wake you up briefly so that you can reopen your airways. This awakening is usually so brief that you don’t remember it. Sleep apnea, obstructive treatment in hyderabad
- Anyone can develop obstructive sleep apnea. However, there are certain factors that put you at increased risk, including:
- Obesity. Most, but not all, people with obstructive sleep apnea are overweight. Deposits of fat around the upper airways can affect breathing. Obese conditions like hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome can also lead to obstructive sleep apnea.
- However, not all people with obstructive sleep apnea are overweight and vice versa. Thin people can also develop the disorder.
- Narrow airways. You can inherit narrow airways, of course. Or your tonsils or adenoids may become enlarged, which can block your airways.
High blood pressure (hypertension). Obstructive sleep apnea is relatively common in people with high blood pressure.
Obstructive sleep apnea is considered a serious illness. Complications can be:
- Daytime sleepiness and drowsiness. The repeated awakenings associated with obstructive sleep apnea make normal, restful sleep impossible.
- People with obstructive sleep apnea often experience severe daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and irritability. You may have trouble concentrating and falling asleep at work, watching TV, or even driving. There may also be a higher risk of accidents at work.
- Children and teenagers with obstructive sleep apnea can perform poorly in school and often have problems with alertness or behavior. Sleep apnea, obstructive treatment in hyderabad