- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) – or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) – are usually transmitted through sexual contact. Organisms (bacteria, viruses, or parasites) that cause sexually transmitted diseases can get from person to person through blood, semen, vagina and other body fluids.
- Sometimes these infections cannot be sexually transmitted, for example from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth, or through blood transfusion or needle sharing. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) treatment in hyderabad
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can have a number of signs and symptoms, including the absence of symptoms. Because of this, they can go unnoticed until complications arise or a partner is diagnosed. Signs and symptoms that could indicate an STI include:
- Sores or lumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal areas
- Painful or burning urination
- Discharge from the penis
- Unusual or smelly vaginal discharge
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Painful intercourse
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be caused by:
- Bacteria (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia)
- Parasites (trichomoniasis)
- Viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV)
- \Anyone who is sexually active is at some risk of developing a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI). Some of the factors that can increase this risk include:
- Unprotected sex Vaginal or anal penetration by an infected partner who is not wearing a latex condom significantly increases the risk of an STI. Incorrect or inconsistent condom use can also increase your risk.
- Oral sex can be less risky, but infections can still be transmitted without a latex condom or rubber dam – a thin, square piece of rubber made of latex or silicone.
- Having sexual contact with multiple partners. The more sexual contact you have, the greater your risk. This applies to both concurrent partners and consecutive monogamous relationships. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) treatment in hyderabad
Because many people have no symptoms in the early stages of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI), STI tests are important to prevent complications.
Possible complications are:
- Pelvic pain
- Pregnancy complications
- Inflammation of the eyes
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
There are several ways to avoid or reduce your risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Abstention. The most effective way to avoid STIs is to not have sex (not to have sex).
Stick with an uninfected partner. Another reliable way to avoid sexually transmitted diseases is to stay in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship in which the two people only have sex with each other and neither partner is infected.
Wait and test. Avoid vaginal and anal sex with new partners until you are both tested for STIs. Oral sex is safer, but use a latex condom or rubber dam to prevent direct (skin-to-skin) contact between the oral and genital lining.
To be vaccinated. Vaccination early before sexual exposure is also effective in preventing some types of sexually transmitted diseases. Vaccines are available to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A, and hepatitis B.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend the HPV vaccine for girls and boys ages 11 and 12. If they are not fully vaccinated at 11 and 12, the CDC recommends girls and women up to 26 years old and boys and men up to 26 years old. received the vaccine. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) treatment in hyderabad