Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of depression related to seasonal changes. SAD starts and ends around the same time each year. If you’re like most people with SAD, your symptoms start in the fall and continue into the winter months. This drains your energy and puts you in a bad mood. SAD is less likely to cause depression in spring or early summer. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) treatment in Hyderabad
Treatment for SAD can include light therapy (phototherapy), medication, and psychotherapy.
In most cases, seasonal symptoms of mood disorder appear in late fall or early winter and subside on the sunnier days of spring and summer. Less often, people with the opposite pattern will have symptoms that start in spring or summer. In either case, symptoms can start easily and worsen as the season progresses.
Signs and symptoms of SAD can include:
- I feel depressed almost every day for most of the day
- Losing interest in activities that you once enjoyed
- Are you low on energy
- sleep disorders
- Experience changes in your appetite or weight
- Feeling lazy or restless
The specific cause of seasonal affective disorder is unknown. Certain factors can come into play:
Your body clock (circadian rhythm). The reduced sunlight in fall and winter can lead to SAD in winter. This decrease in sunlight can disrupt your body’s clock and lead to feelings of depression.
Serotonin levels. A drop in serotonin, a brain chemical (neurotransmitter) that affects mood, may play a role in SAD. Reduced sunlight can cause a drop in serotonin, which can trigger depression.
- Seasonal affective disorders are diagnosed more often in women than in men. And SAD is more common in young adults than older adults.
- Factors that can increase your risk of seasonal affective disorder include:
- Family history. People with SAD may be more likely to have blood relatives with SAD or some other form of depression.
Have severe depression or bipolar disorder. Depression symptoms can be seasonal if you suffer from any of these conditions.
Live far from the equator. SAD seems to be more common in people living far north or south of the equator. This can be due to less sunlight in winter and longer days in the summer months. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) treatment in Hyderabad
Take the signs and symptoms of seasonal affective disorder seriously. As with other types of depression, SAD can get worse and cause problems if left untreated. These can be:
- Social withdrawal
- School or work problems
- Substance abuse
- Other mental disorders such as anxiety or eating disorders
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior