- Illustration shows the sciatic nerve
- Sciatic Nerve Open the popup dialog
- Sciatica refers to the pain that radiates down the path of the sciatic nerve, which begins from the lower back through the hips and buttocks down to each leg. Usually, sciatica only affects one side of your body.
Sciatica most commonly occurs when a herniated disc, bone spur on the spine, or narrowing of the spine (stenosis of the spine) compresses part of the nerve. This inflammation, pain, and often numbness in the affected leg. Sciatica treatment in hyderabad
Pain radiating from the lower spine (lumbar spine) to the buttocks and back of your leg is a hallmark of sciatica. You can feel the discomfort almost anywhere along the nerve path, but it is especially likely that you will be following a path from the lower back to the buttocks and the back of the thigh and calf.
The pain can vary widely, from mild to a sharp burning sensation or excruciating pain. Sometimes it can feel like a jerk or an electric shock. It can be worse if you cough or sneeze, and sitting for long periods can make symptoms worse. Usually only one side of your body is affected.
- The reasons
- disc prolapse
- Pop-up dialog for opening a herniated disc Bone spur and narrowed intervertebral discs in the back
- Bone spur in the SpineOpen popup dialog
- Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve becomes pinched, usually from a herniated disc in your spine or from an overgrowth of bone (bone spur) on your vertebrae. More rarely, the nerve can be compressed by a tumor or damaged by a disease such as diabetes. Sciatica treatment in hyderabad
Risk factors for sciatica are:
- Age. Age-related changes in the spine such as herniated discs and bone spores are the most common causes of sciatica.
- Obesity. By increasing the load on your spine, excess weight can contribute to changes in the spine that trigger sciatica.
- Occupation. Jobs that involve twisting your back, carrying heavy loads, or driving a motor vehicle for long periods of time may play a role in sciatica, but there is no conclusive evidence to support this link.
- Although most people often make full recovery from sciatica without treatment, sciatica can cause permanent nerve damage. See a doctor right away if you:
- Loss of sensation in the affected leg
Weakness in the affected leg
Loss of bowel or bladder function
It is not always possible to prevent sciatica and the condition can recur. The following can play a key role in protecting your back:
Regular exercise. To keep your back strong, pay special attention to your abs – the muscles in your stomach and lower back that are essential for good posture and alignment. Ask your doctor to recommend certain activities.
Maintain good posture while sitting. Choose a seat with good back support, armrests, and a rotating base. Place a pillow or rolled-up towel on your lower back to help maintain the normal curvature. Keep your knees and hips straight Sciatica treatment in hyderabad.