Pain radiating along the nervus ischiadicus , which runs down one or both legs from the lower back.
It’s usually caused when a ruptured intervertebral disc or bone spur within the spine presses on the nerve.
Pain originates within the spine and radiates down the rear of the leg. Sciatica typically affects just one side of the body.
Medication for pain and physiotherapy are common treatments.

symptoms of Sciatica

Pain that radiates from your lower (lumbar) spine to your buttock and down the rear of your leg is that the hallmark of sciatica. you would possibly feel the discomfort almost anywhere along the tract , but it’s especially likely to follow a path from your low back to your buttock and therefore the back of your thigh and calf.
The pain can vary widely, from a light ache to a pointy , burning sensation or excruciating pain. Sometimes it can desire a jolt or electric shock. It are often worse once you cough or sneeze, and prolonged sitting can aggravate symptoms. Usually just one side of your body is affected.
Some people even have numbness, tingling or muscle weakness within the affected leg or foot. you would possibly have pain in one a part of your leg and numbness in another part.

causes of sciatica

Sciatica occurs when the nervus ischiadicus becomes pinched, usually by a herniated disk in your spine or by an overgrowth of bone (bone spur) on your vertebrae. More rarely, the nerve are often compressed by a tumor or damaged by a disease like diabetes.
Risk factors
Risk factors for sciatica include:

Age. Age-related changes within the spine, like herniated disks and bone spurs, are the foremost common causes of sciatica.
Obesity. By increasing the strain on your spine, excess weight can contribute to the spinal changes that trigger sciatica.
Occupation. employment that needs you to twist your back, carry heavy loads or drive a automobile for long periods might play a task in sciatica, but there is no conclusive evidence of this link.
Prolonged sitting. people that sit for prolonged periods or have a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to develop sciatica than active people are.
Diabetes. This condition, which affects the way your body uses blood glucose , increases your risk of nerve damage.

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prevention of sciatica

It’s not always possible to stop sciatica, and therefore the condition may recur. the subsequent can play a key role in protecting your back:

Exercise regularly. to stay your back strong, pay special attention to your core muscles — the muscles in your abdomen and lower back that are essential for correct posture and alignment. Ask your doctor to recommend specific activities.
Maintain proper posture once you sit. Choose a seat with good lower back support, armrests and a swivel base. Consider placing a pillow or rolled towel within the small of your back to take care of its bell-shaped curve . Keep your knees and hips level.
Use good body mechanics. If you represent long periods, rest one foot on a stool or small box from time to time. once you lift something heavy, let your lower extremities do the work. Move straight up and down. Keep your back straight and bend only at the knees. Hold the load on the brink of your body. Avoid lifting and twisting simultaneously. Find a lifting partner if the thing is heavy or awkward.

Diagnosis of sciatica

To diagnose the cause of your sciatica, you may need to have some imaging tests. You may have an x-ray or a computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan. If it’s possible you have a herniated disc or spinal stenosis that’s causing your sciatica, your doctor may order a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test.

what are the major risk factor of sciatica

Risk factors for sciatica include:
Age. Age-related changes in the spine, such as herniated disks and bone spurs, are the most common causes of sciatica.
Obesity. …
Occupation. …
Prolonged sitting. …

how much cost for sciatica surgery

A microdiscectomy is a specialized surgery that requires a surgeon with special training. Because of this, it can be more expensive than other back surgeries. Prices for the surgery vary and can range anywhere from $15,000 to $50,000.

duration for sciatica surgery

Sciatica can be acute or chronic. An acute episode may last between one and two weeks and usually resolves itself in a few weeks. It’s fairly common to experience some numbness for a while after the pain has subsided. You may also have sciatic episodes a handful of times a year.