Sarcoid is a disease characterized by the growth of tiny clusters of inflammatory cells (granulomas) in any part of your body – mostly in the lungs and lymph nodes. But it can also affect the eyes, skin, heart and other organs. Sarcoidosis treatment in Hyderabad
The cause of sarcoid is unknown, but experts believe that it is due to the body’s immune system reacting to an unknown substance. Some research suggests that infectious agents, chemicals, dust and a possible abnormal reaction to the body’s own proteins (self proteins) could be responsible for the formation of granulomas in genetically predisposed people.
The signs and symptoms of sarcoid vary depending on the organs affected. Sarcoid sometimes develops gradually and leads to symptoms that last for years. In other cases, symptoms appear suddenly and then go away just as quickly. Many people with sarcoid have no symptoms, so the disease can only be detected if a chest x-ray is taken for some other reason.
Sarcoid can start with the following signs and symptoms:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Weight loss
Doctors don’t know the exact cause of sarcoid. Some people seem to have a genetic make-up for developing the disease, which can be triggered by bacteria, viruses, dust, or chemicals.
These cause your immune system to overreact and immune cells begin to cluster in a pattern of inflammation called a granuloma. When granulomas accumulate in an organ, the function of that organ can be impaired.
Although anyone can develop sarcoid, the following factors can increase your risk:
Age and Gender Sarcoid can occur at any age, but it often occurs between the ages of 20 and 60 years. Women are a little more likely to develop the disease. Sarcoidosis treatment in Hyderabad
Run. People of African and Northern European descent have a higher incidence of sarcoid. African Americans are more likely to have damage to other organs than to the lungs.
Sometimes sarcoid causes long-term problems.
- Lung. Untreated pulmonary sarcoidosis can leave permanent scars in your lungs (pulmonary fibrosis), making it difficult to breathe and sometimes leading to pulmonary hypertension.
- Eyes. Inflammation can affect almost any part of your eye, damaging the retina, which can eventually lead to blindness. In rare cases, sarcoidosis can also cause cataracts and glaucoma. Sarcoidosis treatment in Hyderabad
- Kidneys. Sarcoid can affect the way your body uses calcium, which can lead to kidney stones and affect kidney function. In rare cases, this can lead to kidney failure.
- Heart. Cardiac sarcoidosis causes granulomas in your heart that can affect the heartbeat, blood flow, and normal heart function. In rare cases it can lead to death.