Reye’s syndrome (Reye) is a rare but serious disease that causes swelling of the liver and brain. Reye’s syndrome most commonly affects children and teenagers recovering from a viral infection, most commonly the flu or chickenpox.
Signs and symptoms such as confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness require emergency treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment for Reye’s syndrome can save a child’s life.
Aspirin has been linked to Reye’s syndrome. Therefore, use caution when giving aspirin to children or adolescents who have a fever or pain. Although aspirin is approved for use in children over 3 years of age, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. Reye’s syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
To treat fever or pain, consider giving your child over-the-counter infants or children for fever and pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) as a safer alternative to aspirin. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns.
In Reye’s syndrome, a child’s blood sugar levels usually decrease while the levels of ammonia and acidity in the blood increase. At the same time, the liver can swell and develop fatty deposits. Swelling can also occur in the brain, which can lead to seizures, convulsions, or loss of consciousness.
The signs and symptoms of Reye’s syndrome usually appear around three to five days after you get a viral infection, such as the flu or chickenpox, or an upper respiratory infection such as a cold. Reye’s syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
In children under the age of 2, the first signs of Reye’s syndrome may be:
- Rapid breathing
The exact cause of Reye’s syndrome is unknown, although various factors can play a role in its development. Reye’s syndrome appears to be triggered by the use of aspirin to treat a viral disease or infection – particularly the flu and chickenpox – in children and adolescents who have an underlying fatty acid oxidation disorder.
Fatty acid oxidation disorders are a group of inherited metabolic disorders in which the body cannot break down fatty acids because an enzyme is missing or not working properly. A screening test is needed to determine if your child has a fatty acid oxidation disorder.
In some cases, the symptoms and signs of Reye’s syndrome can be duplicated by an underlying metabolic condition exposed by a viral disease. The most common of these rare diseases is medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency. Exposure to certain toxins – like insecticides, herbicides, and paint thinners – can cause symptoms similar to Reye’s syndrome, but these toxins do not cause Reye’s syndrome.
The following factors, usually when combined, can increase your child’s risk of developing Reye’s syndrome:
Using aspirin to treat a viral infection such as the flu, chickenpox, or an upper respiratory infection
Have an underlying fatty acid oxidation disorder Reye’s syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Although aspirin is approved for use in children over 3 years of age, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This includes regular aspirin and medicines that contain aspirin.
Some hospitals and medical facilities will screen newborns for fatty acid oxidation disorders to determine which children are at higher risk of developing Reye’s syndrome. Children with known disorders of fatty acid oxidation should not take aspirin or products that contain aspirin.
Always check the label before giving any medication to your child, including over-the-counter products and alternative or herbal remedies. Aspirin can appear in unexpected places, such as Alka-Seltzer.
- Acetylsalicylic acid
- Acetyl salicylates
- Salicylic acid
Sometimes aspirin has other names, such as: