Rectal Prolapse – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Overview of rectal prolapse


Rectal prolapse is a condition where the rectum protrudes from its normal position towards or outside the anus. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine and the opening through which stool exits the anus. Rectal prolapse can also cause fecal incontinence. Sometimes it can be treated with stool softeners and other medications. However, under severe conditions, it requires surgery to be repaired.

Fast facts on rectal prolapse


Rectal prolapse is common in adults with long-term chronic constipation.
It is more common in women than in men, especially above the age of 50.
People who have partial or complete rectal prolapse need surgery for treatment.

What are the causes of rectal prolapse

  • Rectal prolapse can occur due to the following conditions:
  • Chronic constipation or chronic diarrhea
  • Long-term history of straining during bowel movement
  • Injury to the pelvic or anal area
  • Weak anal sphincter
  • Malnutrition
  • Aging
  • Damage to the nerves – pregnancy or injury to the spine
  • Other diseases or conditions such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hysterectomy, infection of the intestine
  • Anal sex

Causes, symptoms and treatment of uterine prolapse


The term prolapse means “to fall out of place.” Prolapse is the condition in which organs such as the uterus move. Uterine prolapse is the condition of the uterus sliding and falling from its actual position in the pelvic cavity in the vaginal canal. A herniated spinal disc is also sometimes referred to as a “disc prolapse”.

Uterine prolapse usually occurs in females and sometimes also in animals. Uterine prolapse usually occurs after immediate childbirth due to the maximum force of the contractions. Spontaneous abortion can cause severe uterine prolapse. Some types of prolapse are as follows –
 

Mitral valve prolapse


Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a valvular heart disease defined as the dislocation of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet in the left atrium during systole.
 

Rectal prolapse


It is this situation where the entire walls or part of the walls of the rectum slip out of their place, the rectum may protrude. Symptoms of a rectal prolapse may be –

1. Leaking stool
2. Projection of rectal tissue

To secure the part of the large intestine, a surgeon can operate through the stomach. Sometimes the surgeon removes the affected part of the intestine.
 

Female genital prolapse


Uterine prolapse is also known as female genital prolapse which occurs when the uterus falls out of its normal position. It is very common in women of all ages, especially those who have given birth to large babies.
 

The causes


Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus falls out of place. The uterus is held in position in the pelvis supported by muscles, special ligaments and other tissues. The uterus extends into the vaginal canal when muscles, ligaments, and tissue weaken. This also happens in women who have given birth to large babies. Frequent abortions can also cause this problem.
 

Signs and symptoms


Some symptoms are mentioned below –

1. Shortness of breath
2. Fatigue
3. Vertigo
4. Cough problems
5. Back pain
6. Inability to control urination
7. Projection of the cervix
8. Vaginal pain and bleeding
 

Treatment


A pelvic exam is done to determine the organs involved. This is usually done without a full bladder. There are also several methods of surgical treatment that are performed to remedy this problem. Vaginal estrogen cream helps to improve the vitality of the vaginal epithelium. Non-surgical treatments such as exercise can strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor, which in turn helps fight uterine prolapse. Herbal remedies along with exercises are very helpful in this condition.
 
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What is a prolapsed rectum? – The facts discovered


What exactly is a prolapsed rectum? Like prolapsed hemorrhoids, this is a problem where some or all of the layers of the rectal membrane protrude and are exposed outside the anus. Much more common five decades or more ago, it is certainly not a condition that occurs as often as it once did, but it is still a condition that should be treated by a doctor once it occurs. Even children can develop the disease and when it does occur it often indicates other health issues.
 

Rectal prolapse in children


Children four years of age or younger can develop it, and this problem is more common in a child’s first year. When this happens in children, it is still very necessary that the child be seen by a doctor to assess and treat the disease. An underlying health problem may be the cause. It is believed that great tension during a bowel movement and certain diseases are associated with its presence and prompt treatment of it as well as the underlying condition is required. Diseases and health problems cited as possible causes include things like:
  • Abnormal abnormalities
  • Colitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
  • Hirschsprung disease
  • Infections
  • Malnutrition
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neoplastic disease
  • Whooping cough (whooping cough)
  • Stress during bowel movement
Rectal prolapse in adults

This problem can also develop in adults and the condition can occur in both women and men. Studies have shown, however, that women are much more likely to develop the disease. Many of the cited causes of illness in children are also the cited causes in an adult. Nonetheless, some additional contributing factors are cited for the development of this problem in adulthood, including:
  1. Natural aging
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Polyps
  4. Post-surgical problems
  5. Paraplegia
  6. Signs of the condition

An individual may develop a padded lump at the site of the anus which is dark red and close to plum. Sometimes a prolapsed rectum recedes and is not visible. An individual can develop difficulty with bowel movements when he or she has the condition, and the need for a bowel movement may also decrease due to rectal prolapse. It can become noticeable to a person shortly after having a bowel movement, after coughing, after sneezing, or after feeling some kind of abdominal pressure.
 

Caring for an invaded rectum


When this problem develops, the individual should seek immediate medical attention. If it is caused by an underlying health problem after treatment for the condition, it may go away. In many cases, however, surgical methods of treatment are required to resolve the problem.