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Rectal cancer is cancer that starts in the rectum. The rectum is the last few inches of the colon. It starts at the end of the last section of your colon and ends when it reaches the short, narrow passage that leads to the anus.
- Cancer of the rectum (rectal cancer) and cancer of the colon (colon cancer) are often collectively referred to as “colon cancer”.
- Although rectal and colon cancers are similar in many ways, their treatments are very different. This is mainly due to the fact that the rectum is in a very small space and is hardly separated from other organs and structures. The cramped space can be operated on to remove the rectal cancer complex.Rectal cancer Treatment Hyderabad
Signs and symptoms of rectal cancer include:
- A change in bowel habits such as diarrhea, constipation, or frequent bowel movements
- Dark brown or bright red blood in your stool
- Narrow chair
- A feeling that your bowels are not emptying completely
- stomach pain
- Inexplicable weight loss
- Weakness or tiredness
Rectal cancer begins when healthy cells in the rectum develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do.
- The changes cause the cells to grow in an uncontrolled manner and continue to live after healthy cells have died. Cells that accumulate can form a tumor. Over time, cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy healthy nearby tissue. And cancer cells can break off and migrate (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
- For most rectal cancers, it is not known what causes the mutations that lead to cancer.Rectal cancer Treatment Hyderabad
The factors that can increase your risk of rectal cancer are the same as those that increase your risk of colon cancer. Risk factors for colon cancer are:
- An older age. Colon cancer can be diagnosed at any age, but most people with colon cancer are over 50 years old. Colon cancer rates have increased in people under the age of 50, but doctors don’t know why.
- African American descent. People of African descent born in the United States are at higher risk for colon cancer than people of European descent.
- A personal history of colon cancer or polyps. Your risk of colon cancer is higher if you’ve ever had rectal cancer, colon cancer, or adenomatous polyps.
- Inflammatory bowel disease. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon and rectum such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease increase the risk of colon cancer.
- Hereditary syndromes that increase the risk of rectal cancer. Genetic syndromes that have been passed down in your family through generations can increase your risk of colon and rectal cancer, including FAP and Lynch syndrome.
To reduce your risk of colon cancer, try the following:
- Talk to your doctor about cancer screening. Screening for colon cancer reduces cancer risk by identifying precancerous polyps in the colon and rectum that can turn into cancer. Ask your doctor when to start screening. Most medical organizations recommend that you start screening by age 50 or earlier if you have risk factors for colon cancer.
- There are several screening options – each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Discuss your options with your doctor and decide together which tests are right for you.
- Exercise almost every day of the week. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days. If you’ve been inactive, start slowly and build up gradually for up to 30 minutes. So speak to your doctor before you start exercising.
Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants that can play a role in cancer prevention. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables for a range of vitamins and nutrients.Rectal cancer Treatment Hyderabad