Spinal cord injuries – damage to part of the spinal cord or the nerves at the end of the spinal canal (cauda equina) – often result in permanent changes in strength, feeling, and other body functions below the spinal cord. Injury site.
If you’ve recently had a spinal cord injury, every aspect of your life seems to be affected. You may feel the effects of your injury mentally, emotionally, and socially.
Many scientists are optimistic that advances in research will one day help repair damage to the spinal cord. Research studies are ongoing worldwide. In the meantime, treatment and rehabilitation enable many people with spinal cord injuries to live productively and independently. Quadriplegia Treatment in Hyderabad
- Illustration shows the area of the body that is affected by paraplegia and quadriplegia
Spinal Cord Injury Open the pop-up dialog box
Your ability to control your limbs after a spinal cord injury depends on two factors: the location of the injury along your spinal cord and the severity of the spinal cord injury.
- The lowest normal part of your spinal cord is called the neurological level of your injury. The severity of the injury is often referred to as “completeness” and is categorized as follows:
- Complete. When all sensations (sensory) and all ability to control movement (motor function) are lost under the spinal cord injury, your injury is considered complete.
- The anatomy of the central nervous system
- Central Nervous System Open popup dialog
- Spinal cord injuries can be caused by damage to the vertebrae, ligaments, or discs of the spine, or the spinal cord itself.
A traumatic spinal cord injury can be caused by a sudden, traumatic blow to your spine that breaks, slips, crushes, or compresses one or more of your vertebrae. It can also result from a gunshot or knife wound that penetrates and cuts the spinal cord.
Additional damage usually occurs over days or weeks due to bleeding, swelling, inflammation, and fluid retention in and around the spinal cord.
While a spinal cord injury is usually the result of an accident and can happen to anyone, there are certain factors that can put you at higher risk for spinal cord injury, including:
Be a man. Spinal cord injuries affect a disproportionate number of men. In fact, women make up only about 20% of traumatic spinal cord injuries in the United States.
Be between 16 and 30 years old. You are most likely to have a traumatic spinal cord injury if you are between 16 and 30 years old. The average age at the time of the injury is 43 years.
Be over 65 years old. Falls are the cause of most injuries in the elderly.
At first, the changes in how your body works can be overwhelming. However, your rehabilitation team will help you develop the tools you need to manage the changes caused by spinal cord injuries and recommend equipment and resources to promote quality of life and independence.
Commonly affected areas include:
- Bladder control. Your bladder continues to hold urine from your kidneys. However, your brain may also not be able to control your bladder because the message carrier (the spinal cord) has been injured.
- Changes in bladder control increase your risk of urinary tract infections. The changes can also cause kidney infections and kidney or bladder stones. During rehabilitation, you will learn new techniques to empty your bladder.
- Bowel control. Although your stomach and intestines are functioning as they were before your injury, your stool control is often impaired. Eating a high-fiber diet can help regulate your bowel and teach you techniques to optimize your bowel function during rehabilitation. Quadriplegia Treatment in Hyderabad
Following these tips can reduce your risk of spinal cord injury:
- Drive carefully. Car accidents are one of the most common causes of spinal cord injuries. Wear a seat belt when driving or driving a car.
- Make sure your children wear a seat belt or use a child seat that is appropriate for their age and weight. To protect them from airbag injuries, children under the age of 12 should. Quadriplegia Treatment in Hyderabad