- Illustration of a persistent ductus arteriosus
- Open the patented ductus arteriosus popup dialog
- The persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a persistent opening between the two main blood vessels leading to the heart. The opening (ductus arteriosus) is a normal part of the baby’s circulatory system in the womb that usually closes shortly after birth. If it remains open, it is called a persistent ductus arteriosus.
Persistent small ductus arteriosus is often not a problem and may never need treatment. However, persistent, untreated large ductus arteriosus can cause poorly oxygenated blood to flow in the wrong direction, weakening the heart muscle, and causing heart failure and other complications.
Treatment options for persistent ductus arteriosus include monitoring, medication, and occlusion with cardiac catheterization or surgery. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) Treatment in Hyderabad
Symptoms of persistent ductus arteriosus vary depending on the size of the defect and whether the baby is pregnant or premature. A small PDA may not cause any signs or symptoms and can go undetected for some time into adulthood. A large PDA can cause signs of heart failure soon after birth.
Your baby’s doctor may first suspect a heart defect during a regular exam after hearing a heart murmur while listening to your baby’s heart with a stethoscope.
A large epidemic in infancy or childhood can cause:
- Poor diet that leads to poor growth
- Sweating when crying or eating
- Persistent rapid breathing or breathlessness
- Slight tiredness
- Fast heart rate
Congenital heart defects result from problems early in the heart’s development – but often there is no clear cause. Genetic factors could play a role.
Before birth, the baby’s blood flow requires an opening that connects two major blood vessels from the heart – the aorta and the pulmonary artery. The compound draws blood from the baby’s lungs as it develops, and the baby gets oxygen from the mother’s circulation.
After birth, the ductus arteriosus usually closes within two to three days. In premature babies, the opening often takes longer to close. If the connection remains open, it is called a persistent ductus arteriosus.
Too much blood flows through the abnormal opening to the baby’s lungs and heart. If left untreated, the blood pressure in the baby’s lungs could rise (pulmonary hypertension) and the baby’s heart could become bigger and weaker. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) Treatment in Hyderabad
Risk factors for persistent ductus arteriosus include:
- Premature birth. Persistent ductus arteriosus is more common in prematurely born babies than in punctual babies.
- Family history and other genetic conditions. A family history of heart defects and other genetic diseases, such as Down syndrome, increases the risk of epidurals.
- Rubella infection during pregnancy. If you get German measles (rubella) during pregnancy, your baby’s risk of developing heart defects increases. Rubella virus crosses the placenta and spreads around the baby’s circulation, damaging blood vessels and organs, including the heart.
- To be born high. Babies born above 2,499 meters are at higher risk of developing a PDA than babies born below elevations.
- Be a woman. PDA is twice as common in girls.
- There is no safe way to avoid having a baby with persistent ductus arteriosus. However, it is important to do everything possible to have a healthy pregnancy. Here are some basics:
- Get early prenatal care before you become pregnant. Quitting smoking, relieving stress, quitting birth control – these are all things you need to talk to your doctor about before getting pregnant. Also, discuss any medications you are taking.
Eat healthy. Add a vitamin supplement that contains folic acid.
Regular exercise. Work with your doctor to develop an exercise program that works for you.
Avoid the Risks. These include harmful substances such as alcohol, cigarettes, and illegal drugs. So avoid spas and saunas.
Avoid Infections. Update your vaccinations before you get pregnant. Some types of infections can harm a developing baby.
Keep diabetes under control. If you have diabetes, work with your doctor.