- Female reproductive organs
- Female Reproductive System Pop-up Dialog
- Ovarian cysts are sacs or bags filled with fluid in or on the surface of an ovary. Women have two ovaries – each the size and shape of an almond – on either side of the uterus. Eggs (egg cells) that develop and mature in the ovaries are released in monthly cycles at childbearing age.
Many women have ovarian cysts at some point. Most ovarian cysts are little or no discomfort and harmless. Most go away within a few months without treatment.
However, ovarian cysts – especially those that have burst – can cause severe symptoms. To protect your health, get regular pelvic exams and be aware of the symptoms that could indicate a potentially serious problem. Ovarian cysts Treatment in Hyderabad
Most cysts cause no symptoms and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can cause:
- Pelvic pain – a dull or sharp pain in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst
- Fullness or heaviness in your stomach
- Follicular cyst on the ovary
- Follicular Cyst Open Popup Dialog Corpus luteum cyst on ovary
- Corpus luteum cyst Open the popup dialog
- Most ovarian cysts develop because of your menstrual cycle (functional cysts). Other types of cysts are much less common.
Your ovaries usually develop cyst-like structures called follicles every month. The follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when ovulation occurs.
When a normal monthly follicle continues to grow, it is called a functional cyst. There are two types of functional cysts:
- Follicular cyst. About the middle of your menstrual cycle, an egg bursts from its follicle and travels down the fallopian tube. A follicular cyst begins when the follicle does not tear or release its egg, but continues to grow.
- Corpus luteum cyst. When a follicle releases its egg, it begins to produce estrogen and progesterone for conception. This follicle is now called the corpus luteum. Sometimes fluid builds up in the follicle, causing the corpus luteum to grow into a cyst. Ovarian cysts Treatment in Hyderabad
Your risk of developing an ovarian cyst increases if:
- Hormonal problems. This includes taking the fertility drug clomiphene (Clomid), which is used to induce ovulation.
- Pregnancy. Sometimes the cyst that forms when you ovulate will stay in your ovary throughout your pregnancy.
- Endometriosis. This condition causes uterine endometrial cells to grow outside of your uterus. Some of the tissue can attach to your ovary and form a growth.
- Severe pelvic infection. If the infection spreads to the ovaries, it can lead to cysts.
- An anterior ovarian cyst. If you had one, you will likely move on.
Although there is no way to prevent ovarian cysts, regular pelvic exams will help diagnose changes in your ovaries as early as possible. Watch for changes in your monthly cycle, including unusual menstrual symptoms, especially those that last longer than a few cycles. Talk to your doctor about the changes affecting you. Ovarian cysts Treatment in Hyderabad