Osteochondritis dissecans (bone tea-o-kon-DRY-tis DIS-uh-kanz) is a joint disease in which the bone under the cartilage in a joint dies due to insufficient blood flow. This bone and cartilage can then loosen, causing pain and potentially hindering joint movement.
Osteochondritis dissecans is most common in children and adolescents. It can cause symptoms either after a joint injury or after several months of activity, especially after high impacts such as jumping and running that involve the joint. The disease most commonly occurs in the knee, but it also occurs in the elbows, ankles and other joints.
Doctors stage a dissected osteochondritis depending on the size of the injury, whether the fragment is partially or completely detached, and whether the fragment remains in place. If the loose piece of cartilage and bone is left in place, there may be little or no symptoms. In young children whose bones are still developing, the injury can heal on its own.
Surgery may be needed if the fragment breaks off and gets stuck between the moving parts of your joint, or if you have persistent pain. Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment in Hyderabad
Depending on the joint affected, the signs and symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans may include:
- Pain. This most common symptom of osteochondritis dissections can be triggered by physical activity – climbing stairs, mountain climbing, or exercising.
- Swelling and tenderness. The skin around your joint can be puffy and tender.
- Burst seal or interlock. Your joint can burst or get stuck in one position if a loose fragment gets stuck between your bones during movement.
- Common weakness. You may feel that your joint is giving way or weakening.
- Reduced freedom of movement. You may not be able to fully straighten the affected limb.
The cause of osteochondritis dissecans is unknown. Reduced blood flow to the end of the affected bone can be caused by repetitive trauma – multiple small episodes of undetected minor injuries that damage the bone. There may be a genetic component that makes some people more prone to developing the disorder.
Osteochondritis dissecans occurs most frequently in children and adolescents between 10 and 20 years of age who are very active in sports.
Teens who participate in organized sports could benefit from education about the risks to their joints from overuse. Learning the correct mechanics and techniques of your sport, using the correct protective equipment, and participating in strength and stability training can all help reduce the risk of injury. Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment in Hyderabad