Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and affects millions of people around the world. It happens when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones starts to wear off over time.
Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the most common problem affects the joints of the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis can usually be treated, although joint damage is irreversible. Keeping active, maintaining a healthy weight, and performing certain treatments can slow the progression of the disease and help improve pain and joint function. Osteoarthritis Treatment in Hyderabad
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that allows joints to move almost smoothly. When the cartilage wears out completely, the bone eventually rubs against the bone.
Osteoarthritis was often referred to as a “wear and tear” disease. In addition to the breakdown of cartilage, osteoarthritis affects the entire joint. It changes in the bone and damages the connective tissue that holds the joint together and attaches the muscle to the bone. It also causes inflammation of the synovial membrane. Osteoarthritis Treatment in Hyderabad
Some of the factors that can increase your risk of developing osteoarthritis include:
- An older age. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.
- Sex. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, but it is not known why.
- Obesity. Carrying extra body weight contributes to osteoarthritis in a number of ways. The more you weigh, the higher your risk. Increased weight puts stress on the supporting joints such as the hips and knees. In addition, adipose tissue produces proteins that can cause harmful inflammation in and around your joints.
- Joint injuries. Injuries, such as those occurring during exercise or in an accident, can increase the risk of osteoarthritis. Even injuries that appeared many years ago and appear to have healed can increase your risk of osteoarthritis.
- Repeated stress on the joint. If your job or a sport you play puts repeated stress on a joint, that joint can eventually develop osteoarthritis.
- Genetically. Some people inherit a tendency to develop osteoarthritis.
- Bone deformities. Some people are born with deformed joints or broken cartilage. Osteoarthritis Treatment in Hyderabad