Lichen planus lesions in the mouth cause speckled white spots in the mouth.
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Oral lichen planus (LIE-kun PLAY-nus) is a continuous (chronic) inflammatory disease that affects the lining of your mouth. Oral lichen planus may appear as pointy white spots; red and swollen tissue; or open wounds. These lesions can cause burns, pain, or other discomfort.
The oral plan cannot be passed on from one person to another. The disorder occurs when the immune system attacks the cells of the lining of the mouth for unknown reasons.
Symptoms can usually be managed, but people with oral lichen planus need regular monitoring as they may be at risk of developing oral cancer in the affected areas.
The signs and symptoms of oral lichen planus affect the lining of the mouth.
Lesions can appear as:
Stains from lace, white and embossed fabrics
Red, puffy and tender spots of tissue
It is not known what causes oral lichen planus. However, T cells – certain white blood cells that are involved in inflammation – appear to be activated in the oral lichen planus. This could indicate an immune disorder and genetic factors could be involved. However, more research is needed to determine the exact cause.
Oral lichen planus can be triggered in some people by certain medications, mouth injuries, infections, or allergens such as dental materials. Stress can lead to worsening or recurring symptoms. However, these causes are not confirmed.
Anyone can develop oral lichen planus, but this is more common in middle-aged women.
Certain factors can increase your risk of developing oral lichen planus, such as: B. having a disorder that lowers your immunity or taking certain medications when further investigation is needed.