Optic neuritis Treatment in Hyderabad

overview

Optic nerve
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Optic neuritis occurs when swelling (inflammation) damages the optic nerve – a bundle of nerve fibers that carry visual information from your eye to your brain. Common symptoms of optic neuritis include pain associated with eye movement and temporary loss of vision in one eye.

The signs and symptoms of optic neuritis can be the first indication of multiple sclerosis (MS) or appear later in MS. MS is a disease that causes inflammation and damage to the nerves in your brain, as well as the optic nerve.

In addition to MS, inflammation of the optic nerve can occur in other conditions, including infections or immune disorders such as lupus. In rare cases, another disease called optic neuromyelitis causes inflammation of the optic nerve and spinal cord.

Most people with a single episode of optic neuritis can eventually see again without treatment. Sometimes steroid drugs can speed up vision recovery after optic neuritis. Optic neuritis Treatment in Hyderabad

symptoms

Optic neuritis usually affects one eye. Symptoms can be:

The reasons

The exact cause of optic neuritis is unknown. It is thought to develop when the immune system mistakenly targets the substance covering your optic nerve, causing inflammation and damage to the myelin.

Usually, myelin helps electrical impulses travel quickly from the eye to the brain where they are converted into visual information. Optic neuritis disrupts this process and affects vision. Optic neuritis Treatment in Hyderabad

The following autoimmune diseases are commonly associated with optic neuritis:

Multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a disease in which your autoimmune system attacks the myelin sheath that covers the nerve fibers in your brain. In people with optic neuritis, the lifelong risk of developing multiple sclerosis after an episode of optic neuritis is about 50%.

Your risk of developing multiple sclerosis after optic neuritis further increases if an MRI shows lesions in your brain.

Optic neuromyelitis. In this condition, inflammation affects the optic nerve and spinal cord. Neuromyelitis optics are similar to multiple sclerosis, but neuromyelitis optics don’t damage nerves in the brain as often as multiple sclerosis. However, the optics of neuromyelitis are more severe than MS, often resulting in decreased recovery from a seizure compared to MS. Optic neuritis Treatment in Hyderabad

Risk factors

Risk factors for developing optic neuritis include:

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