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- Neuromyelitis optic (NMO) is a disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the nerves of the eye (optic neuritis) and the spinal cord (myelitis). NMO is also known as Neuromyelitis Optic Spectrum Disorder or Devic’s Disease. It happens when your body’s immune system reacts against its own central nervous system cells, mainly in the optic nerves and spinal cord, but sometimes in the brain as well.
- The cause of optic neuromyelitis is usually unknown, although it sometimes occurs after infection or can be associated with another autoimmune disease. Neuromyelitis optics is often mistakenly diagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) or viewed as a type of MS, but NMO is a separate condition.
- Optic neuromyelitis can cause blindness in one or both eyes, weakness or paralysis of the legs or arms, painful cramps, loss of sensation, uncontrollable vomiting and hiccups, and bladder or bladder dysfunction. Bowel due to damage to the spinal cord. Children may have confusion, seizures, or a coma with NMO. Neuromyelitis optic flares can be reversible, but they can be severe enough to cause permanent vision loss and problems walking. Neuromyelitis optica treatment in Hyderabad