Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain that affects the trigeminal nerve and transfers sensation from your face to your brain. If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even light stimulation of your face – like brushing your teeth or applying makeup – can trigger an excruciating jolt of pain.
You can make short and light attacks at first. However, trigeminal neuralgia can progress and cause episodes of burning pain that are longer and more frequent. Trigeminal neuralgia affects women more than men and is more common in people over the age of 50. Neuralgia, trigeminal Treatment in Hyderabad
- Illustration shows the branches of the trigeminal nerve
- Trigeminal nerve branches Open the context dialog
- Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia can include one or more of the following patterns:
- Episodes of severe, stabbing, or stabbing pain that may be similar to an electric shock
- Spontaneous pain attacks or fits caused by touching the face, chewing, speaking, or brushing your teeth
- Pain attacks from a few seconds to several minutes
- Multiple seizure episodes that last for days, weeks, months, or longer – some people have periods when they are not in pain
In trigeminal neuralgia, also known as tic pain, the function of the trigeminal nerve is disturbed. Usually the problem is contact between a normal blood vessel – in this case an artery or vein – and the trigeminal nerve at the base of your brain. This contact puts pressure on the nerve and leads to malfunction. Neuralgia, trigeminal Treatment in Hyderabad
Trigeminal neuralgia can occur as a result of aging or it can be associated with multiple sclerosis or a similar disorder that damages the myelin sheath and protects certain nerves. Trigeminal neuralgia can also be caused by a tumor that compresses the trigeminal nerve.
Some people may have trigeminal neuralgia due to brain damage or other abnormalities. In other cases, surgical injury, stroke, or facial trauma can be responsible for trigeminal neuralgia.