Neck pain may be a common complaint. Neck muscles are often strained from poor posture — whether it’s leaning over your computer or hunching over your workbench. Osteoarthritis is also a standard explanation for neck pain.
Rarely, neck pain are often a symbol of a more significant issue . Seek medical aid if your neck pain is amid numbness or loss of strength in your arms or hands or if you’ve got shooting pain into your shoulder or down your arm.
symptoms of neck pain
Signs and symptoms include:
Pain that’s often worsened by holding your head in one place for long periods, like when driving or performing at a computer
Muscle tightness and spasms
Decreased ability to maneuver your head
causes of neck pain
Your neck is flexible and supports the load of your head, so it are often susceptible to injuries and conditions that cause pain and restrict motion. Neck pain causes include:
Muscle strains. Overuse, like too many hours hunched over your computer or smartphone, often triggers muscle strains. Even minor things, like reading in bed or gritting your teeth, can strain neck muscles.
Worn joints. a bit like the opposite joints in your body, your neck joints tend to affect with age. Osteoarthritis causes the cushions (cartilage) between your bones (vertebrae) to deteriorate. Your body then forms bone spurs that affect joint motion and cause pain.
Nerve compression. Herniated disks or bone spurs within the vertebrae of your neck can continue the nerves branching out from the medulla spinalis .
Injuries. Rear-end auto collisions often end in whiplash , which occurs when the top is jerked backward then forward, straining the soft tissues of the neck.
Diseases. Certain diseases, like atrophic arthritis , meningitis or cancer, can cause neck pain.
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prevention of neck pain
Most neck pain is related to poor posture combined with age-related wear and tear. to assist prevent neck pain, keep your head centered over your spine. Some simple changes in your daily routine may help. Consider trying to:
Use good posture. When standing and sitting, make certain your shoulders are during a line over your hips and your ears are directly over your shoulders.
Take frequent breaks. If you travel long distances or work long hours at your computer, get up, move around and stretch your neck and shoulders.
Adjust your desk, chair and computer in order that the monitor is at eye level. Knees should be slightly less than hips. Use your chair’s armrests.
Avoid tucking the phone between your ear and shoulder once you talk. Use a headset or speakerphone instead.
If you smoke, quit. Smoking can put you at higher risk of developing neck pain.
Avoid carrying heavy bags with straps over your shoulder. the load can strain your neck.
Sleep during a good position. Your head and neck should be aligned together with your body. Use alittle pillow under your neck. Try sleeping on your back together with your thighs elevated on pillows, which can flatten your spinal muscles.
Diagnosis of neck pain
Your doctor will take a medical record and do an exam. He or she is going to check for tenderness, numbness and muscle weakness, also as see how far you’ll move your head forward, backward and side to side.
Your doctor might order imaging tests to urge a far better picture of the explanation for your neck pain. Examples include:
X-rays. X-rays can reveal areas in your neck where your nerves or medulla spinalis could be pinched by bone spurs or other degenerative changes.
CT scan. CT scans combine X-ray images taken from many various directions to supply detailed cross-sectional views of the interior structures of your neck.
MRI. MRI uses radio waves and a robust magnetic flux to make detailed images of bones and soft tissues, including the medulla spinalis and therefore the nerves coming from the medulla spinalis .
Electromyography (EMG). If your doctor suspects your neck pain could be associated with a pinched nerve, he or she might suggest an EMG. It involves inserting fine needles through your skin into a muscle and performing tests to live the speed of nerve conduction to work out whether specific nerves are functioning properly.
Blood tests. Blood tests can sometimes provide evidence of inflammatory or infectious conditions which may be causing or contributing to your neck pain.
major risk factor of neck pain
risk factors associated with neck pain included age, previous musculoskeletal pain, high quantitative job demands, low social support at work, job insecurity, low physical capacity, poor computer workstation design and work
doctor exprience for neck pain
You might initially contact your family doctor about your neck pain, and he or she may refer you to: A doctor who specializes in nonoperative treatment of musculoskeletal conditions (physical medicine and rehabilitation) A doctor who specializes in arthritis and other diseases that affect the joints (rheumatologist)