Muscle tension is an injury to a muscle or tendon – the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. Minor injuries can only stretch a muscle or tendon, while more severe injuries can involve partial or total ruptures of those tissues.
Sometimes referred to as pulled muscles, tension usually occurs in the lower back and in the muscles in the back of the thigh (thigh).
The difference between a strain and a sprain is that strain involves injury to a muscle or the ligament of tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone, while a sprain injures the ligaments that connect two bones together.
Initial treatment includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Light stems can be successfully treated at home. Heavy loads sometimes require surgical repair.
Signs and symptoms will vary depending on the severity of the injury and may include:
- Pain or tenderness
- Redness or bruising
- Limited movement
- Muscle spasms
- Muscle weakness
Acute exposure can be caused by an event, e.g. B. by using poor body mechanics to lift something heavy. Chronic muscle tension can be caused by repeated injuries when you strain a muscle by repeating the same movement over and over.
Participating in contact sports such as soccer, soccer, hockey, boxing, and wrestling can increase your risk of muscle tension.
Some parts of the body are more sensitive to tension in certain sports. Examples include:
- Legs and ankles. Sports with quick starts and jumps such as obstacles and basketball can be especially difficult for the Achilles tendon in the ankle.
- Hands. Exciting sports like gymnastics or golf can increase the risk of muscle strain in your hands.
- Elbow. The strain on the elbow is often caused by throwing and racket sports.
Regular stretching and strengthening exercises for your sport, fitness, or work activity as part of a general fitness program can help minimize the risk of muscle strain. Try to be in good shape to do your sport. Don’t do your sport to get in shape. If you’re doing a physically demanding job, regular conditioning can help prevent injury.