Molar pregnancy – also known as a hydatidiform mole – is a rare complication of pregnancy that is characterized by the abnormal growth of trophoblasts, cells that normally develop in the placenta.
There are two types of molar pregnancy: full molar pregnancy and partial molar pregnancy. In a full molar pregnancy, the placental tissue is abnormal and swollen and appears to form cysts filled with fluid. There is also no formation of fetal tissue. In a partial molar pregnancy, there may be normal placental tissue with abnormally formed placental tissue. A fetus can also form, but the fetus cannot survive and usually miscarriages early in pregnancy.
Molar pregnancy can lead to serious complications – including a rare form of cancer – and requires early treatment. Molar pregnancy Treatment in Hyderabad
- Illustration shows a molar pregnancy
- Molar Pregnancy Open the popup dialog
- A molar pregnancy may seem like a normal pregnancy at first, but most molar pregnancies cause certain signs and symptoms, including:
- Dark brown to light red vaginal bleeding in the first trimester
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- Sometimes vaginal passage of grapple-like cysts
- Pelvic pressure or pain
Molar pregnancy is caused by an abnormally fertilized egg. Human cells usually contain 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome in each pair comes from the father and the other from the mother.
In a full molar pregnancy, an empty egg is fertilized with one or two sperm and all of the genetic material comes from the father. In this situation, the mother’s gauge chromosomes are lost or inactivated and the father’s chromosomes are duplicated.
In the case of a partial or incomplete molar pregnancy, the mother’s chromosomes are retained, but the father provides two sets of chromosomes. As a result, the embryo has 69 chromosomes instead of 46. This most commonly occurs when two sperm cells fertilize an egg, creating an extra copy of the father’s genetic material. Molar pregnancy Treatment in Hyderabad
About 1 in 1,000 pregnancies are diagnosed as molar. Several factors are associated with molar pregnancy, including:
- Age of mother. Molar pregnancy is more likely in women over 35 or under 20.
- Previous molar pregnancy. If you’ve had a molar pregnancy, the more likely you will have another. Repeated molar pregnancy occurs in an average of 1 in 100 women.
f you had a molar pregnancy, talk to your doctor or pregnancy care provider before becoming pregnant again. He or she may recommend waiting six months to a year before trying to get pregnant. The risk of recurrence is small but higher than the risk for women without a history of molar pregnancy.
During a subsequent pregnancy, your doctor may do ultrasounds early to monitor your condition and to reassure you that you are developing normally. Your health care professional can also discuss antenatal genetic tests, which can be used to diagnose molar pregnancy. Molar pregnancy Treatment in Hyderabad