Lyme disease is caused by four main types of bacteria. Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii cause Lyme disease in the US, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are the main causes in Europe and Asia. The most common tick-borne disease in these areas, Lyme disease, is transmitted through the bite of an infected black-legged tick, commonly known as the deer tick.
You are more likely to get Lyme disease if you live in grassy and heavily forested areas or if you spend time where ticks with Lyme disease thrive. In tick-infested areas, it is important to use common sense precautions. Lyme disease Treatment in Hyderabad
- Rash characteristic of Lyme disease
Lyme Disease Rash Open the pop-up dialog
The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease vary. They usually appear in stages, but the stages can overlap.
- First signs and symptoms
A small red bump, similar to the bump from a mosquito bite, often appears at the site of a tick bite or tick removal and goes away within a few days. This normal occurrence does not indicate Lyme disease. Lyme disease Treatment in Hyderabad
However, these signs and symptoms may appear within a month of being infected:
Eruption. An expanding red area may appear three to 30 days after an infected tick bite, sometimes disappearing in the center to form a porthole pattern. The rash (erythema migrans) develops slowly over days and can spread up to 30 centimeters in diameter. It’s usually not irritating or painful, but it can be warm to the touch.
- Deer TickOpen Pop-up Dialog
- In the United States, Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, which are mainly transmitted by black-legged ticks or deer. Young brown ticks are often no bigger than a poppy, which makes them almost impossible to spot.
To get Lyme disease, an infected deer tick must bite you. The bacteria penetrate your skin through the bite and eventually find their way into your bloodstream.
Where you live or vacation can affect your chances of getting Lyme disease. The same goes for your job and the outdoor activities you enjoy. The most common risk factors for Lyme disease are:
Spend time in wooded or grassy areas. In the United States, deer ticks are found primarily in heavily forested areas in the Northeast and Midwest. Children who spend a lot of time outdoors in these areas are particularly at risk. Adults who work outdoors are also at increased risk.
Let the skin expose. Ticks attach themselves easily to bare flesh. If you are in an area where ticks are common, protect yourself and your children with long sleeves and long pants. Don’t let your pets run around in weeds and tall grass. Lyme disease Treatment in Hyderabad
Untreated Lyme disease can cause:
- Chronic inflammation of the joints (Lyme arthritis), especially of the knee
- Neurological symptoms such as facial paralysis and neuropathy
- Cognitive defects such as impaired memory
- The best way to prevent Lyme disease is to avoid areas where deer ticks live, especially wooded and planted areas with long grasses. You can reduce your risk of developing Lyme disease by taking a few simple precautions:
- In wooded or grassy areas, wear shoes, long pants in your socks, a long sleeved shirt, hat, and gloves. Try to stick to the paths and avoid walking in low bushes and tall grass. Keep your dog on a leash.
Use insect repellent. Apply an insect repellent containing 20% or more DEET to your skin. Parents should treat their children repulsively, avoiding hands, eyes and mouth.
- Remember that chemical repellants can be toxic. So please follow the instructions carefully. Apply products containing permethrin to clothing or purchase prepared clothing.
- Do your best to protect your garden from ticks. Clean brush and leaves where ticks live. Mow your lawn regularly. Stack wood neatly in dry, sunny areas to deter tick-bearing rodents.