A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of internal organs through an abnormal opening in the wall of the cavity. A combination of increased pressure in the body and weakness in the wall is responsible for this condition.

In this state, the internal organs or parts of organs protrude and develop swelling, which increases the irreducible hernia due to chopping, coughing and lifting of weight as well as passing from a chair and urine.


1, some weakness in the body wall: –

a) Congenital weakness.

b) Acquired weakness due to injuries, muscle wasting, purulent lesions in the wall and the presence of small natural openings, obesity, lack of exercise, repeated pregnancies.

c) Surgical intervention with incorrect suture or septicemia of the operated site.

2) Increased pressure in the body.

a) Chronic constipation.

b) Chronic cough.

c) lifting weights.

d) stenosis of the urethra.


A hernia can occur anywhere in the body. Even so, there are some common hernia sites. Due to the presence of a hard bony shell, the chest wall is usually not affected. Lower back hernias are also unusual due to the muscles in the spine and back, as well as the hard ligaments and vagina.

The most common site of hernias is the abdominal wall. Compared to other parts, the abdominal wall is weak due to some natural openings. There are areas where the abdominals are weaker and thinner and all of these factors create a risk of a hernia. The most common places for hernias are as follows.

a) Inguinal hernia:

Here, the abdominal contents protrude through the inguinal canal (passage into the lower abdominal wall directly above the inguinal ligament. It is seen from both sides). This type is common in men. The swelling initially only occurs when you stretch out and comes back to lying down. Later, most of the intestine may come out, which may not come up easily.

b) Femoral hernia:

This type of hernia is more likely to occur in women. Here, the abdominal contents pass through the femoral canal, which can be seen directly below the connection point between the thigh and the lower abdominal wall (in the femoral triangle). The contents descend and emerge through the saphenous opening in the thigh and form a lump under the skin.

c) Umbilical hernia:

This is known in children. The navel is the weakest part of the abdomen. The contents of the abdomen may protrude in the form of a bunion-like swelling during crying and bowel movements.

d) Cicatricial hernia:

These hernias appear in the operated areas. The operated area becomes weak due to a bad seam or sepsis, which leads to a hernia.

e) Gastric hernia:

Here, the rupture occurs in the epigastrium. He’s a rare guy.

f) Lumbar hernia:

Here, the hernia occurs in the lumbar region on both sides of the lumbar spine (in the lumbar triangle). He is also an unusual type.

g) Obturator hernia:

This is another unusual type of hernia. Here, the contents pass through the foramen obturatoris into the pelvic bone.


1) throttling:

If the opening of the hernia is narrow, the contents of the abdomen may not return easily, and blood flow to the tissues of the hernia may later be blocked due to a narrowing. This can lead to the death of the protruding intestine.

2) Intestinal obstruction:

It happens when the entire part of the intestine protrudes into the hernial sac. The narrow opening of the hernia blocks the passage of the intestine.

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