Jaw tumors and cysts are relatively rare growths or lesions that develop in the jawbone or the soft tissues of the mouth and face. Jaw tumors and cysts, sometimes referred to as odontogenic tumors and cysts, can vary widely in size and severity. These growths are usually not cancerous (benign), but they can be aggressive and invade surrounding bone and tissue, displacing teeth.
Treatment options for jaw tumors and cysts vary depending on the type of growth or lesion, the stage of growth, and your symptoms. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons (oral and maxillofacial surgeons) can usually treat your jaw tumor or cyst surgically, or in some cases medically, or in a combination of surgery and therapy. Jaw tumors and cysts Treatment in Hyderabad
A tumor is an abnormal growth or mass of tissue. A cyst is a lesion that contains liquid or semi-solid material. Examples of tumors and cysts of the jaw are:
- Ameloblastoma. It’s a relatively common, slow-growing tumor that isn’t usually cancerous (benign). It most commonly develops in the jawbone near the molar teeth and can invade local structures such as bones and soft tissues. This tumor may come back after treatment. However, aggressive surgical treatments generally reduce the risk of recurrence.
- Central giant cell granuloma. Central giant cell granulomas are benign lesions that most commonly appear in the anterior part of the lower jaw. Some of these tumors can grow quickly, cause pain and destroy bones, and reappear after surgery. The other types are less aggressive and may not show any symptoms. In rare cases, a tumor may shrink or go away on its own, but these tumors usually require surgical treatment.
- Tooth cyst. This cyst comes from the tissue that surrounds a tooth before it erupts in the mouth. It is the most common type of cyst that affects the jaw. Most often, these cysts appear around wisdom teeth that haven’t fully erupted, but they can affect other teeth as well.
Odontogenic tumors and cysts of the jaw originate from cells and tissues that are involved in the normal development of teeth. Other tumors that affect the jaw can be nonodontogenic, which means that they can grow from other jaw tissue that is unrelated to the teeth. Usually the cause of jaw tumors and cysts is unknown. However, some are linked to genetic syndromes.
People with basal cell carcinoma syndrome, also called Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, do not have a gene that suppresses tumors. The genetic mutation that causes the syndrome is inherited. This syndrome leads to the development of multiple odontogenic keratocysts in the jaw, multiple basal cell skin cancers, and other features. Jaw tumors and cysts Treatment in Hyderabad