Fistulas and anal fissures are a painful growth near the genitals. A fistula is an abnormal development from one cavity to another or a hollow body cavity on the surface. The fistula can be the result of a penetrating wound like skin in the lung, or it can be congenital like from the bladder to the navel or it can have formed from an ulcer or abscess like the cavity dental sinus or an appendix abscess to the vagina.
When the sores or abscesses continue to fill with fluids from the body cavity, it slows down and wants healing and develops fistula formation. For example, the growth of an anal fistula may begin with inflammation of the lining of the rectum. Since it is constantly infected with feces, the area of developing abscesses; a fistula gradually erupts on the skin near the anus. Usually, treatment includes an operation to drain the abscess by opening the fistula duct by operating on it so that there is no risk of recurrence.
On the other hand, anal fissures are the tears in the lining of the anal canal that occur due to the passage of hard stools. The cracks become very painful with the stool and one can bleed with the passage of the stool. The anus is the sphincter or ring-shaped valve that exits the rectum and it relaxes and tightens to allow a bowel movement. The edge of this anus may have a tear, which will be called an anal fissure. With each bowel movement, the anus will be stretched and the fissure will be reopened, which will delay healing and the onset of more symptoms and make the fissures chronic and considerable misery.
Anal fissures mostly heal if constipation is avoided. Healing can be speeded up with simple measures like stool softeners and other opinions. Steroid preparations, prescription drugs, and various pain relievers can also be used. The Principles of Medical News reports that the same medication used for chest pain (angina) can be used as a treatment option for anal fissures. This medicine works in such a way that the smooth muscle lining under the torn mucus layer of the anus relaxes, and the treatment of the spasm of this smooth muscle heals about 85% of the crack. If this medication does not work, a simple outpatient surgical technique called a lateral internal sphincter may be used.