A hip fracture is a serious injury with complications that can be life-threatening. The risk of a hip fracture increases with age.
The risk increases because the bones get weaker with age (osteoporosis). Taking multiple medications, impaired vision, and impaired balance also increase the likelihood of falls in older people – one of the most common causes of hip fractures.
A hip fracture almost always requires surgical repair or replacement, followed by physical therapy. Taking measures to maintain bone density and prevent falls can help prevent a hip fracture. Hip fracture Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of a hip fracture include:
- Inability to get up from a fall or walk
- Severe hip or groin pain
- Inability to put weight on your leg at the side of your injured hip
- Bruising and swelling in and around the hip area
- Shorter leg on the side of your injured hip
- Rotate your leg outward on the side of your injured hip
Severe bumps – for example, in a car accident – can fracture the hip in people of all ages. In the elderly, a hip fracture is usually the result of falling from a standing height. In people with very weak bones, a hip fracture can occur simply by standing on your leg and twisting. Hip fracture Treatment in Hyderabad
The rate of hip fractures increases dramatically with:
- Age. Bone density and muscle mass tend to decrease with age. The elderly can also have problems with eyesight and balance, which can increase the risk of falls.
- Your gender: Hip fractures are about three times more likely to occur in women than in men. Women lose bone density faster than men, partly because the drop in estrogen levels during menopause accelerates bone loss. However, men can also develop dangerously low bone densities.
- Osteoporosis. If you have this disease that weakens your bones, you are at increased risk of fractures.
- Other chronic diseases. Endocrine disorders such as an overactive thyroid can lead to weak bones. Bowel problems that can decrease your absorption of vitamin D and calcium can also lead to weak bones.
A healthy lifestyle in early adulthood increases maximum bone mass and lowers the risk of osteoporosis in later years. Taking the same steps at any age can reduce the risk of falls and improve overall health.
To prevent falls and keep bones healthy:
- Get enough calcium and vitamin D. In general, men and women 50 and over should consume 1200 milligrams of calcium per day and 600 international units of vitamin D per day.
- Exercise to strengthen bones and improve balance. Weight-bearing exercises like walking will help you maintain maximum bone density. Exercise also increases your overall strength, making you less likely to fall. Balance training is also important to reduce the risk of falls, as balance tends to deteriorate with age.
- Avoid smoking or drinking too much. Consuming tobacco and alcohol can decrease bone density. Drinking too much alcohol can also affect your balance and make you more likely to fall. Hip fracture Treatment in Hyderabad