If a defect occurs in the muscle wall of the abdomen, parts of the internal organs, especially the intestine, are pushed through and develop a hernia. The problem is caused either by genetic factors or by mechanical factors such as heavy lifting. Hernias can occur in both men and women, or in children and adults. The main solution to the hernia is surgery. We know three types of hernias. The first type is called a reducible hernia. It is a simple form of hernia that does not cause discomfort. The other two hernia stages complete the more complicated phases of this problem. The imprisoned hernia represents the case where the bulge of the intestine is included. If the bulge stops pumping, we have a strangled hernia. This complication has not occurred that often because nowadays the hernia is repaired early.
When we talk about inguinal hernias, we have to say that this is due to a defect in the groin. Inguinal hernia is not the result of individual weakness. Rather, this form of hernia occurs in people who develop physical work. Men tend to develop a hernia at almost any age. Statistics show that about 95% of people who need a hernia repair are men.
We also know two other forms of hernias. Femoral hernia is named in this way because of the organ next to it. It occurs near the point where the femoral artery runs from the leg to the trunk of the body. A scar hernia occurs elsewhere in the abdominal wall due to a scar or a front incision.
One should know about groin hernia that it can be repaired with a cut in the groin. This 10 to 14 cm long incision extends through the muscle layers so that the defective muscle is isolated and closed. New techniques include the use of a mesh to repair the hernia.
Another known technique is laparoscopic hernia repair. It is not a large cut of the skin and muscles, but there may be unwanted problems during the procedure. The positive point of this technique is the use of a small incision and the reduction in post-operative pain.
In laparoscopic surgery, a laparoscopy connected to a monitor is incised. Two smaller incisions are made, then a mesh plaster is applied to the exposed defect. The network enables patients to leave the hospital in just a few days and immediately return to normal activities.