Illustration shows a blocked artery and tissues injured during a heart attack
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A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. The blockage is most often a buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other substances that form plaque in the arteries that supply the heart (coronary arteries).
Sometimes plaque can burst and form a clot that blocks blood flow. Interrupting blood flow can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle.
A heart attack, also called myocardial infarction, can be fatal, but treatment has improved dramatically over the years. If you think you are having a heart attack, it is important to call 911 or emergency medical assistance. Heart attack Treatment in Hyderabad
Common signs and symptoms of a heart attack include:
- Pressure, tension, pain, or a feeling of pinching or pain in the chest or arms that can spread to the neck, jaw or back
- Nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or abdominal pain
- shortness of breath
- Cold sweat
- Sudden dizziness or dizziness
A heart attack occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries becomes blocked. Over time, a buildup of fat, including cholesterol, forms a substance called plaques that can narrow your arteries (atherosclerosis). This condition, known as coronary artery disease, is what causes most heart attacks.
During a heart attack, plaque can burst and spread cholesterol and other substances into the bloodstream. A blood clot forms at the site of the break. If the clot is large, it can block blood flow to the coronary artery and deprive the heart of oxygen and nutrients (ischemia). Heart attack Treatment in Hyderabad
You could have a complete or partial blockage of the coronary artery.
A complete block means you have had an increased ST (STEMI) myocardial infarction.
Partial block means that you have had a non-TSE elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).
Certain factors contribute to the unwanted build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) that narrow the arteries in your body. You can improve or eliminate many of these risk factors to reduce the chance of a first or another heart attack.
Risk factors for a heart attack are:
- Age. Men and women over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55 are more likely to have heart attacks than younger men and women.
- The tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke.
- Arterial hypertension. Over time, high blood pressure can damage the arteries that lead to your heart. High blood pressure, which occurs along with other conditions such as obesity, high cholesterol, or diabetes, further increases your risk.
- High levels of cholesterol or triglycerides in the blood. High levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol) are most likely to constrict arteries. High levels of triglycerides, a type of blood fat linked to your diet, also increase your risk of a heart attack. However, high good density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol can lower your risk.
- Obesity. Obesity is linked to high blood cholesterol, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Losing as little as 10% of your body weight can reduce this risk.
- Diabetes. If you don’t make enough of the hormone your pancreas secretes (insulin) or if you don’t respond properly to insulin, it will lead to high blood sugar levels in your body, which increases the risk of a heart attack. Heart attack Treatment in Hyderabad
- It’s never too late to take steps to prevent a heart attack, even if you’ve had one before. Here are some ways to prevent a heart attack.
- Medication. Taking medication can lower the risk of a subsequent heart attack and help your damaged heart work better. Keep taking what your doctor has prescribed and ask your doctor how often you need to be monitored.
Lifestyle related factors. You know about exercise: maintain a healthy weight with a healthy heart attack diet, don’t smoke, exercise regularly, manage stress, and control conditions that can lead to a heart attack, such as: B. high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. Heart attack Treatment in Hyderabad
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