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The hammer and hammer toe are deformities of the foot that occur due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the right toe. The type of shoes you wear, the structure of the foot, the trauma and certain pathological processes can all contribute to the development of these deformities.
A hammer has an abnormal curvature in the medial joint of a toe. The mallet toe affects the joint closest to the nail. Hammer and hammer toes are usually located on the second, third, and fourth toes.
To relieve hammer and hammer toe pain and pressure, you may need to change your shoes and wear insoles. If you have a more severe hammer or hammer toe case, you may need surgery for relief. Hammertoe and mallet toe Treatment in Hyderabad
Hammer and hammer toes have an abnormal curvature in the joints of one or more of your toes. Moving the affected toe can be difficult or painful. Corns and calluses can develop when the toe rubs against the inside of your shoes.
The hammer and hammer toe were associated with:
A pair of shoes. High-heeled shoes or shoes that are too tight in the toe box can push your toes into a space where they can’t lie flat. This crooked toe position may remain in place even if you are barefoot.
Trauma. An injury where you pinch, pinch, or break a toe can increase your risk of developing a hammer or hammer toe.
Toe muscle abnormal balance. The imbalance creates instability that can cause the toe to contract. Hammertoe and mallet toe Treatment in Hyderabad
Factors that can increase the risk of hammer and hammer toes include:
- Age. The risk of hammer and hammer toes increases with age.
- Sex. Women are much more likely to develop hammer or hammer toes than men.
- Toe length. If your second toe is longer than your big toe, the risk of a hammer or hammer toe is higher.
- Some diseases. Arthritis and diabetes can make you more prone to foot deformities. Inheritance could also play a role.
With well-fitting shoes, you can avoid many foot, heel, and ankle problems. Here are some things to consider when shopping for shoes:
- Enough space for your toes. Avoid pointy shoes.
- Flat shoes. Avoiding high heels will help you avoid back problems.
- Adjustability. Shoes with laces or straps are more spacious and adjustable.