What is glomerular disease?
Glomerular disease is kidney disease in which normal kidney function is disturbed and the chemical balance in the blood and urine is not maintained. Healthy kidneys pass toxins and wastes in the urine and retain red blood cells and proteins in the blood itself. In glomerular disease, toxins are retained in the blood while red blood cells and proteins are filtered out in the urine. This disorder can be acute – meaning it’s onset suddenly, or chronic – meaning it builds up over a period of time. To understand what glomerular disease is, it is important to understand how the kidneys work.

The kidneys are fist-sized, bean-shaped structures near the chest. They have tiny structures called nephrons that filter units for blood. These nephrons are made up of glomeruli and tubules. The function of the glomeruli is to filter waste and excess fluids. The function of the tubules is to convert waste products into urine. With glomerular diseases, the blood filtration process is impaired.

Some common symptoms of glomerular disease are:

Arterial hypertension
Decreased frequency of urination
Water retention
Swelling of the legs, face, feet and abdomen
Loss of blood in the urine

The causes are:

Genetic factors
Thin basement membrane disease
Post-infectious glomerulonephritis
IgA vasculitis
Severe post-infectious glomerulonephritis
Fibrillary glomerulonephritis
Mixed cryoglobulinemia
Diabetic nephropathy
Membranous nephropathy
Post-infectious end-stage glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy
Benign nephrosclerosis
Primary amyloidosis
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
Minimum illness of the change

Risk factors for glomerular disease include:

Kidney disease and infections
Arterial hypertension
Over 65

To avoid the risk of glomerular disease, do the following:

Healthy lifestyle
Avoid excessive use of pain relievers
Regular exercise
Diet modifications to deal with problems like diabetes and high blood pressure

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