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Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, the health of which is vital to good vision. This damage is often caused by abnormally high pressure in the eye.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 60. It can occur at any age, but is more common in the elderly.
Many forms of glaucoma have no warning signs. The effect is so gradual that you may not notice changes in vision until the disease is advanced. Glaucoma Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of glaucoma will vary depending on the type and stage of your disease. For example:
- Open-angle glaucoma
- Uneven blind spots on the side (peripheral) or central vision, often in both eyes
- Tunnel vision in advanced stages
Glaucoma is the result of damage to the optic nerve. As this nerve worsens, blind spots develop in your visual field. For reasons doctors don’t fully understand, this nerve damage is usually related to increased eye pressure.
High intraocular pressure is caused by a buildup of fluid (watery humor) that drains in the eye. This internal fluid usually flows through a tissue called the trabecular network at the angle where the iris and cornea meet. When fluid is overproduced or the drainage system does not work properly, the fluid cannot flow at its normal rate and eye pressure increases.
Glaucoma is common in families. In some people, scientists have identified genes associated with high eye pressure and damage to the optic nerve.
Be aware of the following risk factors, as chronic forms of glaucoma can destroy vision before signs or symptoms appear:
- Have high pressure inside the eye (pressure in the eye)
- Be over 60 years old
- Be black, Asian, or Spanish
- Have a family history of glaucoma
- Have certain medical conditions like diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and sickle cell anemia
- Have thin corneas in the middle
- Be extremely nearsighted or hyperopic
- These self-care steps can help you identify glaucoma early. This is important to prevent vision loss or to slow its progression.
- Get regular advanced eye exams. Regular, comprehensive eye exams can help identify glaucoma early, before any significant damage occurs.
- Typically, the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends getting a full eye exam every five to ten years if you are under 40 years of age. every two to four years if you are between 40 and 54 years old; every one to three years if you are 55 to 64 years old; and every one to two years if you are over 65 years old. If you are at risk of glaucoma you will need more frequent examinations. Ask your doctor to recommend the right screening schedule for you.
- Know your family’s eye health history. Glaucoma is common in families. If you are at increased risk, you may need more frequent examinations.
- Train safely. Regular, moderate exercise can help prevent glaucoma by reducing pressure in the eye. Talk to your doctor about an appropriate exercise program. Glaucoma Treatment in Hyderabad