- Giant cell arteritis is inflammation of the lining of the arteries. Most often, the arteries in your head are affected, especially those in your temples. For this reason, giant cell arteritis is sometimes called temporal arteritis.
- Giant cell arteritis commonly causes headache, scalp tenderness, jaw pain, and blurred vision. If left untreated, blindness can occur.
- Immediate treatment with corticosteroids usually relieves symptoms of giant cell arteritis and can prevent vision loss. You will likely feel better within a few days of starting treatment. But relapses are also common with treatment.
- You must see your doctor regularly to evaluate and manage the side effects of taking corticosteroids. Giant cell arteritis Treatment in Hyderabad
Inflamed temporal arteries in giant cell arteritis
Giant Cell Arteritis Open the pop-up dialog box
The most common symptoms of giant cell arteritis are headache and tenderness, often severe, that usually affect both temples. Headaches may gradually worsen, come and go, or temporarily subside.
Typically, the signs and symptoms of giant cell arteritis include:
- Persistent and severe headache, usually around the temples
- Tenderness of the scalp
- Jaw pain when you chew or open your mouth wide
- Involuntary weight loss
- Loss of vision or double vision, especially in people with jaw pain
- Sudden and permanent loss of vision in one eye
Giant cell arteritis causes the lining of the arteries to become inflamed, causing them to swell. This swelling narrows your blood vessels and reduces the amount of blood – and therefore oxygen and vital nutrients – that gets into your body’s tissues.
Almost any large or medium-sized artery can be affected, but the most common swelling is in the arteries of the temples. These are right in front of your ears and continue into your scalp.
The causes of the inflammation of these arteries are unknown, but it is believed that the immune system is making abnormal attacks on the arterial walls. Certain genes and environmental factors can make you more susceptible to the disease. Giant cell arteritis Treatment in Hyderabad
Several factors can increase your risk of developing giant cell arteritis, including:
Age. Giant cell arteritis only affects adults and rarely affects those under the age of 50. Most people with this disease develop signs and symptoms between the ages of 70 and 80 years.
Sex. Women are about twice as likely to develop the disease as men.
Race and geographic region. Giant cell arteritis is more common in whites from northern European populations or of Scandinavian origin.
Rhizomelic pseudopolyarthritis. With rheumatic polymyalgia, there is an increased risk of developing giant cell arteritis.
Family history. Sometimes the condition runs in families. Giant cell arteritis Treatment in Hyderabad