Food poisoning, also known as foodborne illness, is a disease caused by eating contaminated food. Infectious organisms – including bacteria, viruses, and parasites – or their toxins are the most common causes of food poisoning.
Infectious organisms or their toxins can contaminate food at any time during processing or production. Contamination can also occur at home when food is improperly handled or cooked. Food poisoning Treatment in Hyderabad
Food poisoning symptoms vary depending on the source of the contamination. Most types of food poisoning cause one or more of the following signs and symptoms:
- To vomit
- Watery or bloody diarrhea
- Abdominal pain and cramps
Food contamination can occur at any stage of production: cultivation, harvest, processing, storage, shipping or preparation. Cross contamination – the transfer of pests from one surface to another – is often the cause. This is particularly problematic for raw ready-to-eat foods such as salads or other products. Since these foods are not cooked, harmful organisms are not destroyed before consumption and can lead to food poisoning.
Whether you get sick after eating contaminated food depends on your body, exposure, age, and health.
The high risk groups include:
- The older. As you age, your immune system may not respond to infectious organisms as quickly and effectively as it did when you were young.
- Pregnant woman. Changes in metabolism and blood flow during pregnancy can increase the risk of food poisoning. Your reaction can be more severe during pregnancy. In rare cases, your baby can also get sick.
- Infants and young children. Your immune system is not fully developed.
The most common serious complication of food poisoning is dehydration – a severe loss of water and essential salts and minerals. If you are a healthy adult and drink enough to replace the fluids lost through vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration shouldn’t be a problem.
Infants, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems or chronic illnesses can become severely dehydrated if they lose more fluids than they can replace. If so, they may need to be hospitalized and given intravenous fluids. In extreme cases, dehydration can be fatal. Food poisoning Treatment in Hyderabad
How To Prevent Food Poisoning At Home:
- Wash your hands, utensils, and food surfaces frequently. Wash your hands thoroughly with hot, soapy water before and after handling or preparing food. Use hot, soapy water to wash utensils, cutting boards, and other surfaces you use.
- Keep raw foods separate from ready-to-eat foods. Keep raw meat, poultry, fish and shellfish away from other foods when shopping, preparing food or feeding stuff. This prevents cross contamination.
- Cook the food to a safe temperature. The best way to tell if food has been cooked to a safe temperature is to use a food thermometer. You can kill harmful organisms in most foods by cooking them at the right temperature.
Cook ground beef to 71.1 ° C. Cook steaks, roasts and chops such as lamb, pork and veal to at least 62.8 ° C. Cook the chicken and turkey to 73.9 ° C. Make sure the fish is there and the crustaceans are well cooked. Food poisoning Treatment in Hyderabad