- The bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) normally live in the intestines of healthy people and animals. Most types of E. coli are harmless or cause diarrhea for a relatively short period of time. However, some strains such as E. coli O157: H7 can cause severe stomach cramps, bloody diarrhea, and vomiting.
- You can be exposed to E. coli from contaminated water or food, especially raw vegetables and undercooked ground beef. Healthy adults usually recover from E. coli O157: H7 infection within a week. Young children and older adults are at higher risk of developing a life-threatening form of kidney disease. Escherichia coli Treatment in Hyderabad
- Signs and symptoms of E. coli O157: H7 infection usually begin three to four days after exposure to the bacteria. However, you can get sick as early as a day after exposure for more than a week. Signs and symptoms are:
- Diarrhea, which can range from mild and watery to severe and bloody
Stomach cramps, pain, or tenderness
Nausea and vomiting in some people
Only a few E. strains. Coli causes diarrhea. The E. coli O157: H7 strain belongs to a group of E. coli that produce a powerful toxin that damages the lining of the small intestine. It can cause bloody diarrhea. You will develop an E. coli infection if you ingest this strain of bacteria.
Unlike many other pathogenic bacteria, E. coli can cause infection even if only ingested in small amounts. Because of this, E. coli can make you sick from eating a lightly undercooked burger or sipping contaminated pool water.
Possible sources of exposure are contaminated food or water as well as personal contact.
E. coli can affect anyone exposed to the bacteria. However, some people are more likely to develop problems than others. Risk factors are:
Age. Infants and older adults are at greater risk of developing E. coli disease and more serious complications from the infection.
Weakened immune system. E. coli is more likely to develop E. coli in people with weakened immune systems – due to AIDS or drugs used to treat cancer or prevent organ transplant rejection.
Eat certain types of foods. The riskiest foods are undercooked burgers; unpasteurized milk, apple juice or cider; and soft cheese made from raw milk.
Period of the year. Although it is not known why, the majority of E. coli infections in the United States occur from June through September.
Decreased gastric acid levels. Stomach acid offers some protection against E. coli. If you take medicines to lower stomach acid such as esomeprazole (Nexium), pantoprazole (Protonix), lansoprazole (Prevacid), and omeprazole (Prilosec), you may increase the risk of E-infection. Coli. Escherichia coli Treatment in Hyderabad
No vaccine or drug can protect you from E. coli disease, despite researchers studying potential vaccines. To reduce the risk of exposure to E. coli, avoid ingesting the water of the lake or swimming pool, wash your hands frequently, avoid risky foods, and watch out for cross-contamination. Escherichia coli Treatment in Hyderabad