Illustration shows endometrial cancer
Endometrial CancerOpen Pop-up Dialog
Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in which the development of the fetus takes place.
- Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that make up the lining of the uterus (endometrium). Endometrial cancer is sometimes referred to as uterine cancer. Other types of cancer can develop in the uterus, including uterine sarcoma, but they are much less common than endometrial cancer.
- Endometrial cancer is often detected early because it often causes abnormal vaginal bleeding. If endometrial cancer is detected early, surgical removal of the uterus often cures endometrial cancer.Endometrial cancer Treatment Hyderabad
Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer can include:
- Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding
- Bleeding between periods
- Pelvic pain
Doctors don’t know what causes endometrial cancer. What we do know is that something is happening to make changes (mutations) in the DNA of endometrial cells – the lining of the uterus.
- The mutation turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate and eventually die. The abnormal cells grow and multiply in an uncontrolled manner and eventually stop dying. The abnormal cells that accumulate form a lump (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and can separate from an initial tumor and spread (metastasize) elsewhere in the body.Endometrial cancer Treatment Hyderabad
Female reproductive organs
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Factors that increase your risk of endometrial cancer include:
- Changes in the balance of female hormones in the body. The ovaries produce two main female hormones: estrogen and progesterone. Fluctuations in the balance of these hormones lead to changes in the endometrium.
- A disease or condition that increases the amount of estrogen but not progesterone levels in your body can increase your risk of endometrial cancer. Examples include the irregular ovulation patterns that can occur in polycystic ovarian syndrome, obesity, and diabetes. Taking postmenopausal hormones that contain estrogen but no progesterone increases the risk of endometrial cancer.Endometrial cancer Treatment Hyderabad
To reduce your risk of endometrial cancer, you may want to:
- Talk to your doctor about the risks of hormone therapy after menopause. If you’re considering hormone replacement therapy to manage menopause symptoms, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits. If you haven’t had a hysterectomy, simply replacing estrogen after menopause can increase your risk of endometrial cancer. Taking a combination of estrogen and progestin can reduce this risk. Hormone therapy carries other risks. Therefore, weigh the benefits and risks with your doctor.
- Consider taking birth control pills. Using oral contraceptives for at least a year can reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. It is believed that the risk reduction will persist for several years after discontinuing oral contraceptives. However, birth control pills have side effects. Therefore, discuss the benefits and risks with your doctor.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight increases the risk of endometrial cancer. So work on reaching and maintaining a healthy weight.Endometrial cancer Treatment Hyderabad