Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that usually begins in the main pumping chamber of your heart (left ventricle). The ventricle expands and becomes thinner (widened) and cannot pump blood as well as a healthy heart. The term “cardiomyopathy” is a general term that refers to the abnormality of the heart muscle itself.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy may not cause symptoms, but it can be life-threatening in some people. A common cause of heart failure – the heart’s inability to supply enough blood to the body – enlarged cardiomyopathy can also lead to irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), blood clots, or sudden death.
- The disease affects people of all ages, including infants and children, but is more common in men between the ages of 20 and 50.Dilated cardiomyopathy Treatment Hyderabad
If you have advanced cardiomyopathy, you likely have signs and symptoms of heart failure or arrhythmias caused by your illness. Signs and symptoms are:Dilated cardiomyopathy Treatment Hyderabad
- Shortness of breath (difficulty breathing) when you are active or when you are lying down
- Reduced training ability
- Swelling (edema) of the legs, ankles, and feet
- Swelling of the abdomen from fluid build-up (ascites)
- Chest pain
- Extra or unusual sounds heard when your heart is beating (heart murmur)
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The cause of dilated cardiomyopathy can often not be determined. However, there are many factors that can cause the left ventricle to expand and weaken, including:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Alcohol abuse
- Certain cancer drugs
- Cocaine use and abuse
- Infections, including those caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
- Exposure to toxins such as lead, mercury, and cobalt
Dilated cardiomyopathy is most common in men between the ages of 20 and 50. But it can also occur in women. Other risk factors are:Dilated cardiomyopathy Treatment Hyderabad
- Heart attack damage to the heart muscle
- Family history of dilated cardiomyopathy
- Inflammation of the heart muscle due to immune system disorders such as lupus
- Neuromuscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy
Healthy lifestyle habits can help you prevent or minimize the effects of extended cardiomyopathy. If you have advanced cardiomyopathy:
- Do not smoke.
- Do not drink alcohol or drink in moderation.
- Do not use cocaine or other illegal drugs.
- Eat a healthy diet, especially low in salt (sodium).
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Follow an exercise program recommended by your doctor.
- Get enough sleep and plenty of rest.