- Diabetic retinopathy (die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee) is a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the photosensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).
- Diabetic retinopathy may initially cause no symptoms or only mild visual disturbances. Eventually blindness can occur.
- The disease can occur in anyone with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The more diabetic you are and the less controlled your blood sugar levels are, the more likely you are to develop this eye complication. Diabetic retinopathy treatment in hyderabad
You may not have symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. As the disease progresses, the following symptoms of diabetic retinopathy may appear:
- Dark spots or ropes floating in your sight (swimmers)
- Blurred vision
- Staggering vision
- Impaired color vision
- Illustration shows severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
- Diabetic Retinopathy Open pop-up dialog
- Over time, too much sugar in your blood can cause the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina to block, cutting off the blood supply. As a result, the eye tries to develop new blood vessels. But these new blood vessels don’t grow properly and can easily leak.
There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:
Early diabetic retinopathy. In this more common form – called diabetic nonproliferative retinopathy (NPDR) – no new blood vessel develops (proliferates).
Anyone with diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. The risk of developing eye disease may increase due to:
- Duration of diabetes – the more diabetic you are, the higher the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy
- Poor blood sugar control
- Arterial hypertension
- High cholesterol
- Diabetic retinopathy involves the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. Complications can lead to serious vision problems:
- Vitreous hemorrhage. New blood vessels may bleed into the transparent, gelatinous substance that fills the center of your eye. If the amount of bleeding is low, you may only see a few dark spots (swimmers). In more severe cases, blood can fill the vitreous cavity and completely block your view.
- Vitreous hemorrhage by itself usually does not cause permanent vision loss. Blood often drains from the eye within a few weeks or months. If your retina is not damaged, your sight can regain its previous clarity.
- Retinal detachment. The abnormal blood vessels associated with diabetic retinopathy stimulate the growth of scar tissue, which can pull the retina away from the back of the eye. This can cause floating spots in your vision, flashes of light, or severe vision loss.
You can’t always prevent diabetic retinopathy. However, regular eye exams, good blood sugar and blood sugar checks, and early intervention for vision problems can all help prevent serious vision loss.
If you have diabetes, reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy by doing the following:
Manage your diabetes. Make healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily routine. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity each week, eg. B. Come on. Take oral diabetes medication or insulin as directed
Monitor your blood sugar. You may need to check and record your blood sugar several times a day. If you are sick or stressed, more frequent measurements may be necessary. Ask your doctor how often you should test your blood sugar. Diabetic retinopathy treatment in hyderabad