Hyperosmolar Diabetic Syndrome (Hi-Pur-Oz-MOE-Lur) is a serious disease caused by extremely high blood sugar. The disease is most common in people with type 2 diabetes and is often triggered by illness or infection.
In diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome, your body tries to get rid of excess sugar in the blood by passing it through your urine. If left untreated, diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome can lead to life-threatening dehydration. Rapid medical care is essential.
Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome can take days or weeks to develop. Possible signs and symptoms are:
Blood sugar levels of 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) or 33.3 millimoles per liter (mmol / L) or more
Hot and dry skin
Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome can be triggered by:
Disease or infection
Not following a diabetes treatment plan or with an inadequate treatment plan
Certain medications, such as water pills (diuretics)
Sometimes undiagnosed diabetes leads to diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome.
Your risk of developing diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome may be higher if you:
Do you have type 2 diabetes. If you don’t monitor your blood sugar levels, or if you don’t already know that you have type 2 diabetes, your risk is higher.
Are over 65.
You have another chronic health problem like heart or kidney disease.
You have an infection such as pneumonia, urinary tract infection, or a virus that causes blood sugar levels to rise.
Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome can cause:
Good daily control of your diabetes can help prevent diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome.
Know the symptoms of high blood sugar. Look out for symptoms of high blood sugar and situations where you are at risk of developing hyperosmolar syndrome, such as: B. diseases or infections.
Monitor your blood sugar levels. The surveillance will help you stay within your target area and alert you to dangerous heights. Ask your doctor how often you should test your blood sugar. Watch more often when you are sick.
When you are sick, drink plenty of fluids. Drink a glass of non-alcoholic, decaffeinated drink every hour until you can seek advice from your doctor.
Follow your diabetes management plan. Eat healthy meals, take your medication as directed, and exercise regularly.