Cystic fibrosis Treatment in Hyderabad

overview

symptom

In the United States, newborn screening allows for diagnosing cystic fibrosis within the first month of life before symptoms develop. However, people born before newborn screening becomes possible cannot be diagnosed until the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis appear.

The signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis vary depending on the severity of the condition. Even in the same person, symptoms may appear or get better over time. Some people may not experience symptoms until they are teenagers or adults. People who are not diagnosed until adulthood usually have a milder condition and are more likely to have atypical symptoms such as recurrent episodes of an inflamed pancreas (pancreatitis), infertility, and recurrent pneumonia.

People with cystic fibrosis have a higher than normal salt content in their sweat. Parents can often taste the salt when they kiss their children. Most of the other signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis affect the respiratory and digestive systems.

The reasons

In cystic fibrosis, a defect (mutation) in a gene – the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene – changes a protein that regulates the movement of salt in and out of cells. The result is thick, sticky mucus in the respiratory, digestive, and reproductive systems and increased salt in sweat.

Many different defects can occur in the gene. The type of genetic mutation is related to the severity of the disease.

Children must inherit a copy of the gene from each parent in order to develop the disease. If children inherit just one copy, they will not develop cystic fibrosis. However, they will be carriers and could pass the gene on to their own children. Cystic fibrosis Treatment in Hyderabad

Risk factors

Because cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease, it affects families so family history is a risk factor. Although cystic fibrosis occurs in all races, it is more common in whites of northern European descent.

prevention

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.