Congenital heart disease is one or more structural problems of the heart that has existed since birth. Congenital means that you were born with the defect. Congenital heart diseases, also called congenital heart defects, can change the blood flow to your heart. Some congenital heart defects may not cause problems. However, complex defects can lead to life-threatening complications.
Advances in diagnosis and treatment have enabled babies with congenital heart disease to survive into adulthood. Sometimes the signs and symptoms of congenital heart disease don’t show up until you are an adult.
If you have congenital heart disease, you will likely need to be looked after for the rest of your life. Ask your doctor how often you need a test. Congenital heart disease in adults Treatment in Hyderabad
Some congenital heart defects do not cause signs or symptoms. Some people experience signs or symptoms later in life. And symptoms can recur years after treating a heart defect.
Common symptoms of congenital heart disease in adults include:
- Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
- A bluish tinge to the skin, lips, and nails (cyanosis)
- shortness of breath
- Get tired of the exertion quickly
- Swelling of tissues or organs in the body (edema)
- Chambers and heart valves
- Ventricles and Heart Valves Open the popup dialog
- Researchers aren’t sure what exactly causes most types of congenital heart disease. Some congenital heart diseases are passed on through families (hereditary).
To understand congenital heart disease, it is helpful to know how the heart works.
- The heart is divided into chambers (ventricles) – two on the right and two on the left.
- The right side of the heart carries blood to the lungs through blood vessels (pulmonary arteries).
- In the lungs, the blood picks up oxygen and then returns to the left side of your heart through the pulmonary veins.
- The left side of the heart then pumps blood through the aorta and to the rest of the body.
Certain environmental and genetic risk factors could play a role in developing congenital heart disease, including:
- Your genes. Congenital heart diseases appear to run in families (hereditary) and are linked to many genetic syndromes. For example, children with Down syndrome often have heart defects. Genetic testing can detect Down syndrome and other disorders during a baby’s development.
- German measles (rubella). Rubella during pregnancy can affect the development of a baby’s heart in the womb.
- Diabetes. Type 1 or type 2 diabetes during pregnancy can also affect a baby’s heart development. Gestational diabetes does not usually increase your risk of congenital heart disease.
- Medication. Taking certain medicines during pregnancy can lead to congenital heart diseases and other birth defects. Medicines associated with heart disease include lithium for bipolar disorder and isotretinoin (Claravis, Myorisan, Zenatane, others), which is used to treat acne. Always tell your doctor what medications you are taking.
- Alcohol. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy also adds to the risk of heart defects in the baby.
- Smoke. A mother who smokes during pregnancy increases the risk of having a child with a congenital heart defect.
Men and women with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of passing some form of congenital heart disease to their children. Your doctor may suggest genetic counseling or screening if you plan to have children. Congenital heart disease in adults Treatment in Hyderabad